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Raed Seetan , Raed I. Seetan is with the Department of Computer Science, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, USA. (e-mail: raed.seetan@ndsu.edu).
ABSTRACT
The process of mapping markers from radiation hybrid mapping (RHM) experiments is equivalent to the traveling salesman problem and, thereby, has combinatorial complexity. As an additional problem, experiments typically result in some unreliable markers that reduce the overall quality of the map. We propose a clustering approach for addressing both problems efficiently by eliminating unreliable markers without the need for mapping the complete set of markers. Traditional approaches for eliminating markers use resampling of the full data set, which has an even higher computational complexity than the original mapping problem. In contrast, the proposed approach uses a divide-and-conquer strategy to construct framework maps based on clusters that exclude unreliable markers. Clusters are ordered using parallel processing and are then combined to form the complete map. We present three algorithms that explore the trade-off between the number of markers included in the map and placement accuracy. Using an RHM data set of the human genome, we compare the framework maps from our proposed approaches with published physical maps and with the results of using the Carthagene tool. Overall, our approaches have a very low computational complexity and produce solid framework maps with good chromosome coverage and high agreement with the physical map marker order.
INDEX TERMS
Biological cells, Couplings, Bioinformatics, Clustering algorithms, Sociology, Statistics, Buildings,
CITATION
Raed Seetan, Anne Denton, Omar Al-Azzam, Ajay Kumar, M. Iqbal, Shahryar Kianian, "Reliable Radiation Hybrid Maps: An Efficient Scalable Clustering-based Approach", IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, , no. 1, pp. 1, PrePrints PrePrints, doi:10.1109/TCBB.2014.2329310
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