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Issue No.03 - May-June (2013 vol.10)
pp: 793-798
Published by the IEEE Computer Society
S. P. Garcia , Signal Process. Lab., Univ. of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
J. M. O. S. Rodrigues , Signal Process. Lab., Univ. of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
S. Santos , Signal Process. Lab., Univ. of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
D. Pratas , Signal Process. Lab., Univ. of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
V. Afreixo , Dept. of Math., Univ. of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
C. A. C. Bastos , Signal Process. Lab., Univ. of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
P. J. S. G. Ferreira , Signal Process. Lab., Univ. of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
A. J. Pinho , Signal Process. Lab., Univ. of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
ABSTRACT
Genome assemblies are typically compared with respect to their contiguity, coverage, and accuracy. We propose a genome-wide, alignment-free genomic distance based on compressed maximal exact matches and suggest adding it to the benchmark of commonly used assembly quality metrics. Maximal exact matches are perfect repeats, without gaps or misspellings, which cannot be further extended to either their left- or right-end side without loss of similarity. The genomic distance here proposed is based on the normalized compression distance, an information-theoretic measure of the relative compressibility of two sequences estimated using multiple finite-context models. This measure exposes similarities between the sequences, as well as, the nesting structure underlying the assembly of larger maximal exact matches from smaller ones. We use four human genome assemblies for illustration and discuss the impact of genome sequencing and assembly in the final content of maximal exact matches and the genomic distance here proposed.

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