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Automatic Identification and Classification of Noun Argument Structures in Biomedical Literature
Nov.-Dec. 2012 (vol. 9 no. 6)
pp. 1639-1648
I. B. Ozyurt, Dept. of Psychiatry, Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
The accelerating increase in the biomedical literature makes keeping up with recent advances challenging for researchers thus making automatic extraction and discovery of knowledge from this vast literature a necessity. Building such systems requires automatic detection of lexico-semantic event structures governed by the syntactic and semantic constraints of human languages in sentences of biomedical texts. The lexico-semantic event structures in sentences are centered around the predicates and most semantic role labeling (SRL) approaches focus only on the arguments of verb predicates and neglect argument taking nouns which also convey information in a sentence. In this article, a noun argument structure (NAS) annotated corpus named BioNom and a SRL system to identify and classify these structures is introduced. Also, a genetic algorithm-based feature selection (GAFS) method is introduced and global inference is applied to significantly improve the performance of the NAS Bio SRL system.
Index Terms:
text detection,bioinformatics,classification,data mining,feature extraction,genetic algorithms,programming language semantics,NAS Bio SRL system,automatic identification,noun argument structure classification,biomedical literature,automatic extraction,knowledge discovery,automatic detection,lexico-semantic event structures,semantic constraints,syntactic constraints,human languages,biomedical text sentences,semantic role labeling approach,verb predicates,BioNom,genetic algorithm-based feature selection method,GAFS method,Semantics,Support vector machines,Genetic algorithms,Biological cells,Syntactics,Natural language processing,Text mining,biomedical text mining,Natural language processing,semantic role labeling,nominalizations,genetic algorithms
Citation:
I. B. Ozyurt, "Automatic Identification and Classification of Noun Argument Structures in Biomedical Literature," IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 1639-1648, Nov.-Dec. 2012, doi:10.1109/TCBB.2012.111
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