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A Survey on Methods for Modeling and Analyzing Integrated Biological Networks
July/August 2011 (vol. 8 no. 4)
pp. 943-958
Nuno Tenazinha, Investigação e Desenvolvimento, INESC-ID, Lisboa
Susana Vinga, Investigação e Desenvolvimento, INESC-ID, Lisboa
Understanding how cellular systems build up integrated responses to their dynamically changing environment is one of the open questions in Systems Biology. Despite their intertwinement, signaling networks, gene regulation and metabolism have been frequently modeled independently in the context of well-defined subsystems. For this purpose, several mathematical formalisms have been developed according to the features of each particular network under study. Nonetheless, a deeper understanding of cellular behavior requires the integration of these various systems into a model capable of capturing how they operate as an ensemble. With the recent advances in the "omics” technologies, more data is becoming available and, thus, recent efforts have been driven toward this integrated modeling approach. We herein review and discuss methodological frameworks currently available for modeling and analyzing integrated biological networks, in particular metabolic, gene regulatory and signaling networks. These include network-based methods and Chemical Organization Theory, Flux-Balance Analysis and its extensions, logical discrete modeling, Petri Nets, traditional kinetic modeling, Hybrid Systems and stochastic models. Comparisons are also established regarding data requirements, scalability with network size and computational burden. The methods are illustrated with successful case studies in large-scale genome models and in particular subsystems of various organisms.

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Index Terms:
Systems biology, survey, modeling methodologies, integrated biological networks.
Nuno Tenazinha, Susana Vinga, "A Survey on Methods for Modeling and Analyzing Integrated Biological Networks," IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 943-958, July-Aug. 2011, doi:10.1109/TCBB.2010.117
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