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Directing Physiology and Mood through Music: Validation of an Affective Music Player
Jan.-March 2013 (vol. 4 no. 1)
pp. 57-68
Marjolein D. van der Zwaag, Philips Research, Eindhoven
Joris H. Janssen, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven and Philips Research, Eindhoven
Joyce H.D.M. Westerink, Philips Research, Eindhoven
Music is important in everyday life, as it provides entertainment and influences our moods. As music is widely available, it is becoming increasingly difficult to select songs to suit our mood. An affective music player can remove this obstacle by taking a desired mood as input and then selecting songs that direct toward that desired mood. In the present study, we validate the concept of an affective music player directing the energy dimension of mood. User models were trained for 10 participants based on skin conductance changes to songs from their own music database. Based on the resulting user models, the songs that most increased or decreased the skin conductance level of the participants were selected to induce either a relatively energized or a calm mood. Experiments were conducted in a real-world office setting. The results showed that a reliable prediction can be made of the impact of a song on skin conductance, that skin conductance and mood can be directed toward an energized or calm state and that skin conductance remains in these states for at least 30 minutes. All in all, this study shows that the concept and models of the affective music player worked in an ecologically valid setting, suggesting the feasibility of using physiological responses in real-life affective computing applications.
Index Terms:
Music,Physiology,Skin conductance levels,Temperature sensors,Heart rate,Biological system modeling,skin temperature,Music,Physiology,Skin conductance levels,Temperature sensors,Heart rate,Biological system modeling,mood,Affective music player,music,physiology,skin conductance
Citation:
Marjolein D. van der Zwaag, Joris H. Janssen, Joyce H.D.M. Westerink, "Directing Physiology and Mood through Music: Validation of an Affective Music Player," IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 57-68, Jan.-March 2013, doi:10.1109/T-AFFC.2012.28
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