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Issue No.04 - Fourth Quarter (2012 vol.3)
pp: 434-442
Marcello Guarini , University of Windsor, Windsor
ABSTRACT
Immanuel Kant is one of the giants of moral theorizing in the western philosophical tradition. He developed a view of moral imperatives and duty that continues to inspire thought up to the present. In a thought-provoking series of papers, Anthony Beavers argues that Kant's conception of morality will not be applicable to machines. In other words, it will turn out that when we design machines at a level of sophistication such that ethical constraints must be built into their behavior, Kant's understanding of morality will not be helpful. Specifically, the notion of duty as involving some sort of internal conflict can be jettisoned. The argument in this paper is that there are aspects of duty that can be preserved for machine ethics. The goal will not be to defend any of the details of Kant's position. Rather, it is to motivate some ways of thinking about duty that may be useful for machine ethics.
INDEX TERMS
Ethics, Human factors, Emotion recognition, Robots, Cognition, Man machine systems, obligation-obligation conflict, Desire-obligation conflict, duty, ethics, machine ethics
CITATION
Marcello Guarini, "Conative Dimensions of Machine Ethics: A Defense of Duty", IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, vol.3, no. 4, pp. 434-442, Fourth Quarter 2012, doi:10.1109/T-AFFC.2012.27
REFERENCES
[1] I. Kant, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, J. Ellington, ed. Hackett, 1993.
[2] A. Beavers, "Between Angels and Animals: The Question of Robot Ethics, or Is Kantian Moral Agency Desirable?" Proc. Assoc. for Practical and Professional Ethics 18th Ann. Meeting, 2099.
[3] A. Beavers, "Moral Machines and the Threat of Ethical Nihilism," Robot Ethics, the Ethical and Social Implications of Robotics, P. Lin, K. Abney, and G.A. Bekey, eds., pp. 333-344, MIT Press, 2012.
[4] A. Beavers, "Could and Should the Ought Disappear from Ethics?" Digital Ethics: Research and Practice, D. Heider and A. Massanari, eds., Peter Lang Publishers, forthcoming.
[5] T. Powers, "Prospects for a Kantian Machine," IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 46-51, July/Aug. 2006.
[6] D. Dennett, Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology. MIT Press, 1978.
[7] J. Pollock, Cognitive Carpentry: A Blueprint for How to Build a Person. MIT Press, 1995.
[8] W. Sinnott-Armstrong, "Consequentialism," The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Winter 2011 ed., E.N. Zalta, ed., http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2011/ entriesconsequentialism/ 2011.
[9] J. Fodor, LOT2: The Language of Thought Revisited. Clarendon Press, 2008.
[10] I. Kant, Critique of Practical Reason. Prometheus Books, 1996.
[11] J. Pollock, How to Build a Person: A Prolegomenon, pp. 3-10. MIT Press, 1989.
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