E. Damiani is with the Department of Information Technology, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
S. Proctor is with NimbusDB. E-mail: email@example.com.
A. Singhal is with the Computer Security Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
For information on obtaining reprints of this article, please send e-mail to: email@example.com.
Ernesto Damiani received the MS degree in computer engineering from Università di Pavia, Italy, and the PhD degree in computer science from the Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy. He is currently a full professor in the Department of Information Technology at the Università degli Studi di Milano, and the head of the university's PhD program in computer science. Dr. Damiani has held visiting positions at many institutions worldwide, including George Mason University, Virginia; La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia; and INSA-Lyon, France. His research interests include business process representation and metrics, secure service-oriented architectures, and software process engineering. He has published more than 200 scientific papers and several books. Dr. Damiani was the coproposer of the XACML standardization group. He is the vice-chair of the IEEE technical committee on Industrial Informatics, the chair of the IFIP WG on Data Semantics (WG 2.6), and the vice-chair of the IFIP WG 2.13 on Open Source Software. He is a senior member of the IEEE.
Seth Proctor received the PhD degree in computer science from Brown University. He was a senior software engineer at Nokia and he later worked as a researcher at Sun Microsystems Laboratories, where he took part in the development of the XACML specification. He is currently a developer at NimbusDB.
Anoop Singhal received the PhD degree in computer science from Ohio State University, Columbus, the MS degree in computer science from Ohio State University, Columbus, and the BTech degree in electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhii. He is currently a senior scientist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Computer Security Division. His research interests include network security, intrusion detection, data mining, and web services security.