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Using Speech Recognition for Real-Time Captioning and Lecture Transcription in the Classroom
Oct.-Dec. 2013 (vol. 6 no. 4)
pp. 299-311
Rohit Ranchal, Purdue University, West Lafayette
Teresa Taber-Doughty, Purdue University, West Lafayette
Yiren Guo, Purdue University, West Lafayette
Keith Bain, St. Mary's University, Halifax
Heather Martin, St. Mary's University, Halifax
J. Paul Robinson, Purdue University, West Lafayette
Bradley S. Duerstock, Purdue University, West Lafayette
Speech recognition (SR) technologies were evaluated in different classroom environments to assist students to automatically convert oral lectures into text. Two distinct methods of SR-mediated lecture acquisition (SR-mLA), real-time captioning (RTC) and postlecture transcription (PLT), were evaluated in situ life and social sciences lecture courses employing typical classroom equipment. Both methods were compared according to technical feasibility and reliability of classroom implementation, instructors' experiences, word recognition accuracy, and student class performance. RTC provided near-instantaneous display of the instructor's speech for students during class. PLT employed a user-independent SR algorithm to optimally generate multimedia class notes with synchronized lecture transcripts, instructor audio, and class PowerPoint slides for students to access online after class. PLT resulted in greater word recognition accuracy than RTC. During a science course, students were more likely to take optional online quizzes and received higher quiz scores with PLT than when multimedia class notes were unavailable. Overall class grades were also higher when multimedia class notes were available. The potential benefits of SR-mLA for students who have difficulty taking notes accurately and independently were discussed, particularly for nonnative English speakers and students with disabilities. Field-tested best practices for optimizing SR accuracy for both SR-mLA methods were outlined.
Index Terms:
Real-time systems,Speech recognition,Multimedia communication,Education courses,Electronic learning,notetaking,Speech recognition,educational technology,electronic learning,multimedia systems
Rohit Ranchal, Teresa Taber-Doughty, Yiren Guo, Keith Bain, Heather Martin, J. Paul Robinson, Bradley S. Duerstock, "Using Speech Recognition for Real-Time Captioning and Lecture Transcription in the Classroom," IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 299-311, Oct.-Dec. 2013, doi:10.1109/TLT.2013.21
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