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R. Drira, RIADI Lab., ENSI, Manouba, Tunisia
M. Laroussi, RIADI Lab., ENSI, Manouba, Tunisia
X. Le Pallec, LIFL Lab.., USTL, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France
B. Warin, ULCO, LISIC, Calais, France
In this paper, we first demonstrate that an instructional design process of Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) systems based on a Model Driven Approach (MDA) addresses the limits of Learning Technology Standards (LTS), such as SCORM and IMS-LD. Although these standards ensure the interoperability of TEL systems across different Learning Management Systems (LMS), they are generic and lack expressiveness. In addition, the use of LTS limits designers to using a compliant LMS. MDA addresses these limits by allowing pedagogic modeling based on specific modeling languages and by ensuring interoperability across Learning Management Systems based on model transformations. In the context of an MDA-based design process, we propose a novel approach, named ACoMoD, to help designers to bridge the gap between pedagogic modeling and LMS specifications, based on graphic and interactive model transformations. Our approach, implemented with a tool called Gen-COM, enables designers to choose more effective LMS tools, based on a contextual recommendation of best practice for LMS tool use. Gen-COM and its evaluation with designers are described in this paper. The main results show, first, the usefulness of tailoring pedagogy with LMS tools based on the proposed solution. Second, the results show different levels of usefulness of the proposed assistance according to different situations that will be detailed. Some improvements are suggested and are in progress concerning the extension of Gen-COM to offer assistance to designers based on their profiles.
Index Terms:
Least squares approximation,Unified modeling language,Standards,Best practices,Context modeling,Computational modeling,Context,distance learning,Least squares approximation,Unified modeling language,Standards,Best practices,Context modeling,Computational modeling,Context,standards,Decision support,design tools and techniques
Citation:
R. Drira, M. Laroussi, X. Le Pallec, B. Warin, "Contextualizing Learning Scenarios According to Different Learning Management Systems," IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 213-225, Third Quarter 2012, doi:10.1109/TLT.2011.35
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