1. communal (16 percent),
2. education (12 percent),
3. information (10 percent),
4. free (10 percent), and
5. open (9 percent).
M.-F.G. Lin is with the Department of Educational Technology, College of Education, University of Hawaii-Manoa, 1776 University Avenue, Wist 227, Honolulu, HI 96822. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
S. Sajjapanroj is with the Primary Science Department, The Institution for the Promotion of Science Math and Technology, 924 Sukhumvit Road, Prakanong, Klongtoey, Bangkok 10110, Thailand. E-mail: email@example.com.
C.J. Bonk is with the Instructional Systems Technology Department, School of Education, Indiana University, 201 N. Rose Avenue, Room 2238, Bloomington, IN 47405-1006. E-mail: CJBonk@indiana.edu.
Manuscript received 21 Jan. 2010; revised 2 May 2010; accepted 12 Nov. 2010; published online 29 Mar. 2011.
For information on obtaining reprints of this article, please send e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org, and reference IEEECS Log Number TLT-2010-01-0004.
Digital Object Identifier no. 10.1109/TLT.2011.12.
Meng-Fen Grace Lin received the BS degree in management information systems, the MS degree in computer science, and the EdD degree in curriculum and instruction. She is an assistant professor in the Educational Technology Department at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Prior to moving to Hawaii, she was an adjunct faculty for University of Houston in Texas and National Taitung University in Taiwan. She is an executive committee member and founder of Global Learn Asia Pacific of the Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. Her research interests include educational use of Web 2.0 tools such as wikis and YouTube, mobile learning, and open education resources.
Suthiporn Sajjapanroj received the undergraduate degree in business administration with a finance major and a master's degree in computers and engineering management. She is a doctoral candidate in curriculum studies with a minor in inquiry methodology at Indiana University, Bloomington. She is now working on her dissertation. She has diverse work experience in banking systems, human resource management, and software training. She is working as an academic staff member at the Institution for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology, Thailand.
Curtis J. Bonk received the BA degree from the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater in accounting and both the master's and doctorate degrees in educational psychology from the University of Wisconsin at Madison. He has spent three years at West Virginia University and the past 18 years at Indiana University (IU). He is now professor of instructional systems technology at IU and is adjunct in the School of Informatics. He has received several distance learning awards and recognitions. His two most recent books, The World Is Open: How Web Technology is Revolutionizing Education and Empowering Online Learning: 100+ Activities for Reading, Reflecting, Displaying, and Doing, were both published by Jossey-Bass/Wiley. He is currently researching online learning, extreme learning, and aspects of Web 2.0 including YouTube, wikibooks, and blogging.