This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
Khaled Bachour, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne
Frédéric Kaplan, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne
Pierre Dillenbourg, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Lausanne
We describe an interactive table designed for supporting face-to-face collaborative learning. The table, Reflect, addresses the issue of unbalanced participation during group discussions. By displaying on its surface, a shared visualization of member participation, Reflect, is meant to encourage participants to avoid the extremes of over and underparticipation. We report on a user study that validates some of our hypotheses on the effect the table would have on its users. Namely, we show that Reflect leads to more balanced collaboration, but only under certain conditions. We also show different effects the table has on over and underparticipators.

[1] E.G. Cohen, "Restructuring the Classroom: Conditions for Productive Small Groups," Rev. of Educational Research, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 1-35, Spring 1994.
[2] J.M. DiMicco, A. Pandolfo, and W. Bender, "Influencing Group Participation with a Shared Display," Proc. ACM Conf. Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW '04), pp. 614-623, 2004.
[3] G. Salomon and T. Globerson, "When Teams Do Not Function the Way They Ought to," Int'l J. Educational Research, vol. 13, pp. 89-99, 1989.
[4] R.E. Slavin, Cooperative Learning. Longman, 1983.
[5] P. Dillenbourg, M. Baker, A. Blaye, and C. O'Malley, "The Evolution of Research on Collaborative Learning," Learning in Humans and Machine: Towards an Interdisciplinary Learning Science, pp. 189-211, Elsevier, 1996.
[6] N.M. Webb, "Task-Related Verbal Interaction and Mathematics Learning in Small Groups," J. Research in Math. Education, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 366-389, 1991.
[7] M.J. Baker, "Argumentation and Constructive Interaction," Studies in Writing: Foundations of Argumentative Text Processing, P. Coirier and J. Andriessen, eds., vol. 5, pp. 179-202, Univ. of Amsterdam Press, 1999.
[8] A. Blaye, "Confrontation Socio-Cognitive et Resolution De Problemes," PhD dissertation, Centre de Recherce en Psychologie Cognitive, Univ. de Provence, 1988.
[9] A.-N.P.-C.W. Doise and G. Mugny, "Social Interaction and Cognitive Development: Further Evidence," European J. Social Psychology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 245-247, 1976.
[10] N.M. Webb and L.K. Cullian, "Group Interaction and Achievement in Small Groups: Stability over Time," Am. Educational Research J., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 411-423, http://www.jstor.org/stable1162608, 1983.
[11] H. Sacks, Lectures on Conversation, G. Jefferson, ed. Blackwell Publishing, 1995.
[12] M. WebsterJr., and J.E. DriskelJr., "Beauty as Status," The Am. J. Sociology, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 140-165, July 1983.
[13] M. Dembo and T. McAuliffe, "Effects of Perceived Ability and Grade Status on Social Interaction and Influence in Cooperative Groups," J. Educational Psychology, vol. 79, pp. 415-423, 1987.
[14] P. Jermann, A. Soller, and M. Mhlenbrock, "From Mirroring to Guiding: A Review of the State of Art Technology for Supporting Collaborative Learning," Proc. Second European Conf. Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, pp. 324-331, http://www.ll. unimaas.nleuro-cscl, 2001.
[15] J.M. DiMicco, K.J. Hollenbach, A. Pandolfo, and W. Bender, "The Impact of increased Awareness While Face-to-Face," Human-Computer Interactions, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 47-96, 2007.
[16] J.M. DiMicco and W. Bender, "Group Reactions to Visual Feedback Tools," Proc. Int'l Conf. Persuasive Technology (PERSUASIVE), pp. 132-143, 2007.
[17] T. Bergstrom and K. Karahalios, "Conversation Clock: Visualizing Audio Patterns in Co-Located Groups," Proc. Ann. Hawaii Int'l Conf. System Sciences (HICSS '07), p. 78, 2007.
[18] T. Bergstrom and K. Karahalios, "Seeing More: Visualizing Audio Cues," Proc. Int'l Conf. Human-Computer Interaction, 2007.
[19] T. Bergstrom and K. Karahalios, "Conversation Votes: Enabling Anonymous Cues," Proc. Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI '07), pp. 2279-2284, 2007.
[20] N.A. Streitz, P. Tandler, and C. Muller-tomfelde, Roomware: Towards the Next Generation of Human-Computer Interaction Based on an Integrated Design of Real and Virtual Worlds, pp. 553-578, Addison Wesley, 2001.
[21] B.A.T. Brown, A.S. Taylor, S. Izadi, A. Sellen, J. Kaye, and R. Eardley, "Locating Family Values: A Field Trial of the Whereabouts Clock," Ubicomp, J. Krumm, G.D. Abowd, A. Seneviratne, and T. Strang, eds., pp. 354-371, Springer, 2007.
[22] P. Dietz and D. Leigh, "Diamondtouch: A Multi-User Touch Technology," Proc. 14th Ann. ACM Symp. User Interface Software and Technology (UIST '01), pp. 219-226, 2001.
[23] http:/www.illusonic.com, 2010.
[24] G. Stasser and D. Stewart, "Discovery of Hidden Profiles by Decision-Making Groups: Solving a Problem versus Making a Judgment," J. Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 426-434, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/ B6X01-46V080H-W/2dee8915278e09aca92220b452821026e , Sept. 1992.
[25] K. Bachour, F. Kaplan, and P. Dillenbourg, Reflect: An Interactive Table for Regulating Face-to-Face Collaborative Learning. Springer, http://www.springerlink.com/contentq85518635660432n , 2008.
[26] A.S. Pentland, Honest Signals: How They Shape Our World. The MIT Press, 2008.

Index Terms:
Computer-supported collaborative learning, interactive furniture, ubiquitous computing.
Citation:
Khaled Bachour, Frédéric Kaplan, Pierre Dillenbourg, "An Interactive Table for Supporting Participation Balance in Face-to-Face Collaborative Learning," IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 203-213, July-Sept. 2010, doi:10.1109/TLT.2010.18
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.