The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.04 - October-December (2009 vol.2)
pp: 342-353
Martyn Cooper , Open University, Milton Keynes
José M.M. Ferreira , University of Porto, Porto and Buskerud College of Engineering, Kongsberg
ABSTRACT
This paper draws on research, development, and deployment of remote laboratories undertaken by the authors since 2000. They jointly worked on the PEARL project (http://iet.open.ac.uk/pearl/) from 2000 to 2003 and have worked on further projects within their own institutions (the Open University, United Kingdom, and the University of Porto, Portugal, respectively) since then. The paper begins with a statement of the rationale for remote experiments, then offers a review of past work of the authors and highlights the key lessons for remote labs drawn from this. These lessons include 1) the importance of removing accessibility barriers, 2) the importance of a pedagogic strategy, 3) evaluation of pedagogic effectiveness, 4) the ease of automation or remote control, and 5) learning objectives and design decisions. The paper then discusses key topics including assessment issues, instructional design, pedagogical strategies, relations to industry, and cost benefits. A conclusion summarizes key points from the paper within a review of the current status of remote labs in education.
INDEX TERMS
Information interfaces and representation (HCI), user-centered design, virtual labs.
CITATION
Martyn Cooper, José M.M. Ferreira, "Remote Laboratories Extending Access to Science and Engineering Curricular", IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, vol.2, no. 4, pp. 342-353, October-December 2009, doi:10.1109/TLT.2009.43
REFERENCES
[1] J.V. Nickerson, J.E. Corter, S.K. Esche, and C. Chassapis, “A Model for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Remote Engineering Laboratories and Simulations in Education,” Computers & Education, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 708-725, Nov. 2007.
[2] E.D. Lindsay, S. Naidu, and M.C. Good, “A Different Kind of Difference: Theoretical Implications of Using Technology to Overcome Separation in Remote Laboratories,” Int'l J. Eng. Education, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 772-779, 2007.
[3] J. Ma and J.V. Nickerson, “Hands-On, Simulated, and Remote Laboratories: A Comparative Literature Review,” ACM Computing Surveys, vol. 38, no. 3, Sept. 2006.
[4] D. Gillet, A.V. Nguyen, and Y. Rekik, “Collaborative Web-Based Experimentation in Flexible Engineering Education,” IEEE Trans. Education, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 696-704, Nov. 2005.
[5] E.D. Lindsay and M.C. Good, “Effects of Laboratory Access Modes upon Learning Outcomes,” IEEE Trans. Education, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 619-631, Nov. 2005.
[6] J.E. Corter, J.V. Nickerson, S.K. Esche, and C. Chassapis, “Constructing Reality: A Study of Remote, Hands-On, and Simulated Laboratories,” ACM Trans. Computer-Human Interaction, vol. 14, no. 2, Aug. 2007.
[7] T. Abdel-Salam, P. Kauffman, and G. Crossman, “Does the Lack of Hands-On Experience in a Remotely Delivered Laboratory Course Affect Student Learning?” European J. Eng. Education, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 747-756, Dec. 2006.
[8] F. Biocca, J. Burgoon, C. Harms, and M. Stoner, “Criteria and Scope Conditions for a Theory and Measure of Social Presence,” Proc. Presence, 2001.
[9] B. Fraser and H. Walberg, “Research on Teacher-Student Relationships and Learning Environments: Context, Retrospect and Prospect,” Int'l J. Educational Research, vol. 43, pp. 103-109, 2005.
[10] Z. Nedic and J. Machotka, “Remote Laboratory NetLab for Effective Teaching of 1st Year Engineering Students,” Int'l J. Online Eng., vol. 3, no. 3, 2007.
[11] M. Cooper, A. Donnelly, and J.M. Ferreira, “Remote Controlled Experiments for Teaching over the Internet: A Comparison of Approaches Developed in the Pearl Project,” Proc. 19th Ann. Conf. Australasian Soc. for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education, 2002.
[12] J.M. Ferreira and D. Mueller, “The MARVEL EU Project: A Social Constructivist Approach to Remote Experimentation,” Proc. First Remote Eng. and Virtual Instrumentation Int'l Symp. (REV '04), Sept. 2004.
[13] J.M.M. Ferreira, E.M. Almeida, I.M. Figueiredo, and C.F. Leite, “Labs-on-the-Web: A Multidisciplinary Project to Evaluate the Pedagogic Effectiveness of On-Line-Labs,” Proc. European Distance and E-Learning Network Ann. Conf. (EDEN '08), June 2008.
[14] L. Nevile, M. Cooper, A. Heath, M. Rothberg, and J. Treviranus, “Learner-Centred Accessibility for Interoperable Web-Based Educational Systems,” Proc. 14th Int'l World Wide Web Conf. (WWW '05), May 2005.
[15] M. Cooper, “Making Online Learning Accessible—The Role of the Educator and Issues for the Educational Institution—Reflections on Experiences at the Open University,” Assoc. of Learning Technology J., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 103-115, Mar. 2006.
[16] NI LabView—The Software That Powers Virtual Instrumentation, http://www.ni.comlabview, 2009.
[17] National Instruments, Accessibility Requirements Compliance Matrix, www.ni.com/pdf/gsa/enlabview-508-accessibility- requirements-compliance-matrix.pdf , 2009.
[18] J. Faias, J.M. Ferreira, and C. Leite, “Accessibility and Usability of Online Labs: Real Barriers in a Virtual World,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Remote Eng. Virtual Instrumentation (REV '07), June 2007.
[19] M. Conradi, R. Langmann, A.M. Cardoso, and J.M.M. Ferreira, “Embedding Formative Assessment Features into LabView Interfaces,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Remote Eng. Virtual Instrumentation (REV '07), June 2007.
[20] J.R. Alves, G.R. Alves, P.A. Ferreira, and J.M.M. Ferreira, “REXIB: Remote Experiments Interface Builder,” Int'l J. Online Eng., vol. 2, no. 3, 2006.
[21] IEEE Std 1149.1-1990, IEEE Standard Test Access Port and Boundary-Scan Architecture, 2009.
[22] IEEE Std 1149.4-1999, IEEE Standard for a Mixed-Signal Test Bus, 2009.
[23] Serial Vector Format Specification, www.jtagtest.com/pdfsvf_specification.pdf , 2009.
[24] J.M. Ferreira and A.C. Leão, “An SDRAM Test Education Package that Embeds the Factory Equipment into the E-Learning Server,” Proc. Int'l Conf. Remote Eng. Virtual Instrumentation (REV '08), June 2008.
27 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool