The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.04 - October-December (2008 vol.1)
pp: 229-234
Erik Duval , Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
Katrien Verbert , Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
ABSTRACT
This paper presents some of the lessons that we have learned during our involvement with the development of learning technology standards. We believe that the decision to develop a new standards is sometimes taken too quickly and that, when possible, existing generic standards should be profiled for the domain of learning. At this point in time, the development of tools, technologies and methodologies that fully exploit the affordances of existing standards is more relevant than the development of new standards. Moreover, we believe that the relationship between technical standardization and research is often misunderstood: the main role of standards for research is to enable a large-scale technological infrastructure that promotes innovation through its open nature.
INDEX TERMS
E-learning standards, General
CITATION
Erik Duval, Katrien Verbert, "On the Role of Technical Standards for Learning Technologies", IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, vol.1, no. 4, pp. 229-234, October-December 2008, doi:10.1109/TLT.2009.6
REFERENCES
[1] IEEE 1484.12. 1-2000 Standard for Learning Object Metadata, IEEE, 2000.
[2] S. Weibel and T. Koch, “The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative— Mission, Current Activities, and Future Directions, D-Lib Magazine, vol. 6, no. 12,http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december00/weibel 12weibel.html, 2000.
[3] IMS Content Packaging Information Model—Version 1.1.4 Final Specification, http://www.imsglobal.org/content/packaging/ cpv1p1p4imscp_infov1p1p4.html, 2004.
[4] IMS Simple Sequencing Information and Behavior Model—Version 1.0 Final Specification, http://www.imsglobal.org/simple sequencing/ ssv1p0imsss_infov1p0.html, 2003.
[5] The SCORM Run-Time Environment, http://xml.coverpages.org SCORM-12-RunTimeEnv.pdf , 2001.
[6] Common Cartridge Working Group, http://www.imsglobal.orgcommoncartridge.html , 2008.
[7] CEN Workshop Agreement CWA 15454—A Simple Query Interface Specification for Learning Repositories, ftp://ftp.cenorm.be/PUBLIC/CWAs/e-Europe/ WS-LTCWA15454-00-2005-Nov.pdf, 2005.
[8] The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting, http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0openarchivesprotocol. htm , 2002.
[9] R. Robson, “Report on Learning Technology Standards,” Proc. World Conf. Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecomm. 2000, J. Bourdeau and R. Heller, eds., http://go.editlib.org/p16192, pp. 971-976, 2000.
[10] IMS Learning Design Specification, http://www.imsglobal.orglearningdesign, 2003.
[11] E. Duval, “Learning Technology Standardization: Making Sense of it All,” Computer Science and Information Systems, vol. 1, no. 1, pp.33-43, Feb. 2004.
[12] IEEE Learning Technology Standards Committee, http:/ieeeltsc. org, 2008.
[13] CEN/ISSS Workshop on Learning Technologies, http://www.cen.eu/ isss/workshopLT, 2008.
[14] SC 36, “Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training,“ http://isotc.iso.org/livelinklivelink?func=ll&objId= 806742 , 2008.
[15] CEN/TC 35—Information and Communication Technologies for Learning Education and Training, http://www.cen.eu/ CENORM/BusinessDomains/ sectors/issscen+tc+353.asp, 2008.
[16] Advanced Distributed Learning, http:/www.adlnet.gov, 2008.
[17] LETSI, Learning-Education-Training Systems Interoperability http:/www.letsi.org, 2008.
[18] IMS Global Learning Consortium, http:/www.imsglobal.org, 2008.
[19] ARIADNE Foundation, http:/www.ariadne-eu.org, 2008.
[20] E. Duval, E. Forte, K. Cardinaels, B. Verhoeven, R.V. Durm, K. Hendrikx, M. Wentland-Forte, N. Ebel, M. Macowicz, K. Warkentyne, and F. Haenni, “TheARIADNE Knowledge Pool System,” Comm. ACM, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 72-78, 2001.
[21] K. Cardinaels, M. Meire, and E. Duval, “Automating Metadata Generation: The Simple Indexing Interface,” Proc. 14th Int'l Conf. World Wide Web (WWW '05), pp. 548-556, 2005.
[22] M. Stefaner and B. Muller, “Elastic Lists for Facet Browsers,” Proc. 18th Int'l Conf. Database and Expert Systems Applications (DEXA '07), pp. 217-221, Sept. 2007.
[23] X. Ochoa and E. Duval, “Use of Contextualized Attention Metadata for Ranking and Recommending Learning Objects,” Proc. First Int'l Workshop Contextualized Attention Metadata: Collecting, Managing, and Exploiting of Rich Usage Information (CAMA '06), pp. 9-16, 2006.
[24] Browsing Architecture—Metadata and Beyond, series EAAE Trans.Architectural Education, M. Zambelli, A.H. Janowiak, and H. Neuckermans, eds., no. 40, 2008.
[25] SCORM2.0, http://www.letsi.org/display/nextscormHome , 2008.
[26] R. Godwin-Jones, “Emerging Technologies—Learning Objects: Scorn or SCORM?” Language Learning & Technology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 7-12, http://llt.msu.edu/vol8num2/pdfemerging.pdf , May 2004.
[27] E. Duval, W. Hodgins, S. Sutton, and S. Weibel, “Metadata Principles and Practicalities,” D-Lib Magazine, vol. 8, no. 4,, Apr. 2002.
[28] M. Nilsson, P. Johnston, A. Naeve, and A. Powell, The Future of Learning Object Metadata Interoperability, chapter 9, pp. 255-313. Informing Science Press, 2007.
[29] S. Ternier and E. Duval “Interoperability of Repositories: The Simple Query Interface in ARIADNE,” Int'l J. E-Learning, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 161-166 http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april02/weibel/ 04weibel.htmlhttp://go.editlib.org/p21734 , 2006.
[30] S. Ternier, D. Massart, A. Campi, S. Guinea, S. Ceri, and E. Duval, “Interoperability for Searching Learning Object Repositories—The Prolearn Query Language,” D-Lib Magazine, vol. 14, nos. 1/2, http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january08/ceri01ceri.html , 2008.
[31] T.M. Eap, M. Hatala, and D. Gasevic, “Technologies for Enabling the Sharing of Learning Objects,” Int'l J. Advanced Media and Comm., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-19, 2008.
[32] S. Ternier, D. Massart, F.V. Assche, N. Smith, B. Simon, and E. Duval, “A Simple Publishing Interface for Learning Object Repositories,” , Proc. World Conf. Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia, and Telecomm., pp. 1840-1845, http://go.editlib.org/p28625, Jan. 2008
[33] J. Allinson, S. Francois, and S. Lewis, “SWORD: Simple Web-Service Offering Repository Deposit,” ARIADNE, no. 54, http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue54allinson-et-al , 2008.
[34] E. Duval, N. Smith, and M.V. Coillie, “Application Profiles for Learning,” Proc. Sixth IEEE Int'l Conf. Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT '06), pp. 242-246, 2006.
[35] IEEE 1484.12.3—Extensible Markup Language (XML) Schema Definition Language Binding for Learning Object Metadata, IEEE, 2005.
[36] Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM), Third Edition Documentation Suite, http://www.adlnet.gov/downloadsDownloadPage.aspx?ID=237 , 2004.
[37] E. Duval and W. Hodgins, “A Lom Research Agenda,” Proc. 12th Int'l Conf. World Wide Web (WWW '03), 2003.
[38] B. Kelly, A. Dunning, S. Rahtz, P. Hollins, and L. Phipps, “A Contextual Framework for Standards,” Proc. 15th Int'l Conf. World Wide Web, Special Interest Tracks, Posters, and Workshops (WWW '06), CD ROM, http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/paperse-gov-workshop-2006 , 2006.
[39] K. Verbert and E. Duval, “ALOCOM: A Generic Content Model for Learning Objects,” Int'l J. Digital Libraries, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 41-63, 2008.
[40] X. Ochoa and E. Duval, “Relevance Ranking Metrics for Learning Objects,” IEEE Trans. Learning Technologies, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 34-48, Jan.-Mar. 2008.
[41] http:/folksemantic.org, 2008.
[42] A. Kumar and R. Saigal, “Visual Understanding Environment,” Proc. Fifth ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conf. Digital Libraries (JCDL '05), p.413, 2005.
[43] eXe—The Elearning XHTML Editor, http:/exelearning.org, 2008.
[44] Reload SCORM Player, http://www.reload.ac.ukscorm player.html , 2008.
[45] Moodle—A Free, Open Source Course Management System for Online Learning, http:/moodle.org, 2008.
[46] The Science Commons, http:/sciencecommons.org, 2008.
[47] S.A. Batts, N.J. Anthis, and T.C. Smith, “Advancing Science through Conversations: Bridging the Gap between Blogs and the Academy,” PLOS Biology, vol. 6, no. 9,, 2008.
[48] S. Marshall, “E-Learning Standards: Open Enablers of Learning or Compliance Strait Jackets?” Beyond the Comfort Zone—Proc. 21st ASCILITE Conf. (ASCILITE '04), pp. 596-605, http://biology.plosjournals. org/perlserv/ ?request=get-document&doi=10.1371%2Fjournal. pbio.0060240&ct=1http:/ / www. ascilite.org.au/Conf.s/perth04/procs marshall.html, 2004.
21 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool