• I
  • ICASSP
  • 1996
  • Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 1996. ICASSP-96 Vol 1. Conference Proceedings., 1996 IEEE International Conference on
Advanced Search 
Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 1996. ICASSP-96 Vol 1. Conference Proceedings., 1996 IEEE International Conference on
Atlanta, GA, USA
May 07-May 10
ISBN: 0-7803-3192-3
Table of Contents
N.N. Bitar, Dept. of Electr. Comput. & Syst. Eng., Boston Univ., MA, USA
pp. 29-32
T.H. Applebaum, Speech Technol. Lab., Panasonic Technol. Inc., Santa Barbara, CA, USA
pp. 33-36
P.J. Castellano, Signal Process. Res. Centre, Queensland Univ. of Technol., Brisbane, Qld., Australia
pp. 117-120
M. Adda-Decker, Lab. d'Inf. pour la Mecanique et les Sci. de l'Ingenieur, CNRS, Orsay, France
G. Adda, Lab. d'Inf. pour la Mecanique et les Sci. de l'Ingenieur, CNRS, Orsay, France
L. Lamel, Lab. d'Inf. pour la Mecanique et les Sci. de l'Ingenieur, CNRS, Orsay, France
J.L. Gauvain, Lab. d'Inf. pour la Mecanique et les Sci. de l'Ingenieur, CNRS, Orsay, France
pp. 153-156
Fu-Hua Liu, Human Language Technol. Group, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
M. Picheny, Human Language Technol. Group, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
P. Srinivasa, Human Language Technol. Group, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
M. Monkowski, Human Language Technol. Group, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
J. Chen, Human Language Technol. Group, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
pp. 157-160
M. Jardino, Lab. d'Inf. pour la Mecanique et les Sci. de l'Ingenieur, CNRS, Orsay, France
pp. 161-163
T.R. Niesler, Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
P.C. Woodland, Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
pp. 164-167
P. O'Boyle, Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Queen's Univ., Belfast, UK
J. Ming, Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Queen's Univ., Belfast, UK
J. McMahon, Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Queen's Univ., Belfast, UK
F.J. Smith, Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Queen's Univ., Belfast, UK
pp. 168-171
J.R. Bellegarda, Interactive Media Group, Apple Comput. Inc., Cupertino, CA, USA
J.W. Butzberger, Interactive Media Group, Apple Comput. Inc., Cupertino, CA, USA
Yen-Lu Chow, Interactive Media Group, Apple Comput. Inc., Cupertino, CA, USA
N.B. Coccaro, Interactive Media Group, Apple Comput. Inc., Cupertino, CA, USA
D. Naik, Interactive Media Group, Apple Comput. Inc., Cupertino, CA, USA
pp. 172-175
M. Epstein, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
K. Papineni, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
S. Roukos, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
T. Ward, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
S. Della Pietra, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
pp. 176-179
A. Farhat, INRS Telecommun., Ile des Soeurs, Que., Canada
J.-F. Isabelle, INRS Telecommun., Ile des Soeurs, Que., Canada
D. O'Shaughnessy, INRS Telecommun., Ile des Soeurs, Que., Canada
pp. 180-183
H. Masataki, ATR Interpreting Telephony Res. Labs., Kyoto, Japan
Y. Sgisaka, ATR Interpreting Telephony Res. Labs., Kyoto, Japan
pp. 188-191
T. Kawabata, NTT Basic Res. Labs., Atsugi, Japan
M. Tamoto, NTT Basic Res. Labs., Atsugi, Japan
pp. 192-195
M. Tamoto, Dept. of Comput. Sci., Hong Kong Univ., Hong Kong
Chorkin Chan, Dept. of Comput. Sci., Hong Kong Univ., Hong Kong
pp. 196-199
A. McCree, Personal Syst. Lab., Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
Kwan Truong, Personal Syst. Lab., Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
E.B. George, Personal Syst. Lab., Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
T.P. Barnwell, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
V. Viswanathan, IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
pp. 200-203
C. Laflamme, Dept. of Electr. Eng., Sherbrooke Univ., Que., Canada
R. Salami, Dept. of Electr. Eng., Sherbrooke Univ., Que., Canada
R. Matmti, Dept. of Electr. Eng., Sherbrooke Univ., Que., Canada
J.-P. Adoul, Dept. of Electr. Eng., Sherbrooke Univ., Que., Canada
pp. 204-207
Tian Wang, Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Kun Tang, Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
Chongxi Feng, Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China
pp. 208-211
W.B. Kleijn, Dept. of Speech Coding Res., AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
Y. Shoham, Dept. of Speech Coding Res., AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
D. Sen, Dept. of Speech Coding Res., AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
R. Hagen, Dept. of Speech Coding Res., AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
pp. 212-215
J.C. De Martin, Dipartimento di Elettronica, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
A. Gersho, Dept. of Speech Coding Res., AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
pp. 216-219
C. Xydeas, Speech Process. Group, Manchester Univ., UK
Binshi Cao, Speech Process. Group, Manchester Univ., UK
pp. 220-223
S. Ghaemmaghami, Signal Process. Res. Centre, Queensland Univ. of Technol., Brisbane, Qld., Australia
M. Deriche, Signal Process. Res. Centre, Queensland Univ. of Technol., Brisbane, Qld., Australia
pp. 224-227
Xiaoshu Qian, Dept. of Electr. Eng., Rhode Island Univ., Kingston, RI, USA
R. Kumaresan, Dept. of Electr. Eng., Rhode Island Univ., Kingston, RI, USA
pp. 228-231
N. Kunieda, Dept. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Saitama Univ., Urawa, Japan
T. Shimamura, Dept. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Saitama Univ., Urawa, Japan
J. Suzuki, Dept. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Saitama Univ., Urawa, Japan
pp. 232-235
S. McClellan, Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Alabama Univ., Birmingham, AL, USA
J.D. Gibson, Dept. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Saitama Univ., Urawa, Japan
pp. 236-239
Minjie Xie, Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Sherbrooke Univ., Que., Canada
J.-P. Adoul, Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Sherbrooke Univ., Que., Canada
pp. 240-243
L. Baghai-Ravary, Dept. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Sheffield Univ., UK
S.W. Beet, Dept. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Sheffield Univ., UK
M.O. Tokhi, Dept. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Saitama Univ., Urawa, Japan
pp. 244-247
J.W. Paulus, Inst. of Commun. Syst. & Data Process., Tech. Hochschule Aachen, Germany
J. Schnitzler, Inst. of Commun. Syst. & Data Process., Tech. Hochschule Aachen, Germany
pp. 255-258
T. Kleinmann, Inst. fur Angewandte Phys., Frankfurt Univ., Germany
A. Lacroix, Inst. fur Angewandte Phys., Frankfurt Univ., Germany
pp. 259-262
Shan Lu, Comsat, Clarksburg, MD, USA
P.C. Doerschuk, Inst. fur Angewandte Phys., Frankfurt Univ., Germany
pp. 263-266
G. Kubin, Inst. of Commun. & High-Frequency Eng., Vienna Univ. of Technol., Austria
pp. 267-270
E.B. George, Lab. of Personal Syst., Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
A.V. McCree, Lab. of Personal Syst., Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
V.R. Viswanathan, Lab. of Personal Syst., Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
pp. 271-274
Juin-Hwey Chen, Dept. of Speech Coding Res., AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
Dongmei Wang, Dept. of Speech Coding Res., AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
pp. 275-278
N. Deshmukh, Mississippi State Univ., MS, USA
M. Weber, Mississippi State Univ., MS, USA
J. Picone, Mississippi State Univ., MS, USA
pp. 283-286
Sung-Chien Lin, Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan
Lee-Feng Chien, Mississippi State Univ., MS, USA
Keh-Jiann Chen, Mississippi State Univ., MS, USA
Lin-Shan Lee, Dept. of Speech Coding Res., AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
pp. 287-290
T. Kawahara, Dept. of Inf. Sci., Kyoto Univ., Japan
N. Kitaoka, Dept. of Inf. Sci., Kyoto Univ., Japan
S. Doshita, Dept. of Inf. Sci., Kyoto Univ., Japan
pp. 291-298
P. Gelin, Inst. Eurecom, Sophia Antipolis, France
C.J. Wellekens, Inst. Eurecom, Sophia Antipolis, France
pp. 299-302
B. Peskin, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
S. Connolly, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
L. Gillick, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
S. Lowe, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
D. McAllaster, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
V. Nagesha, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
pp. 303-306
J.H. Wright, Ensigma Ltd., Chepstow, UK
M.J. Carey, Ensigma Ltd., Chepstow, UK
E.S. Parris, Ensigma Ltd., Chepstow, UK
pp. 307-310
G.J.F. Jones, Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
J.T. Foote, Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
K. Spark Jones, Ensigma Ltd., Chepstow, UK
S.J. Young, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
pp. 311-314
Y. Ariki, Dept. of Electron. & Inf., Ryukoku Univ., Otsu, Japan
S. Tagashira, Dept. of Electron. & Inf., Ryukoku Univ., Otsu, Japan
M. Nishijima, Dept. of Electron. & Inf., Ryukoku Univ., Otsu, Japan
pp. 319-322
R. Vergin, INRS Telecommun., Ile des Soeurs, Que., Canada
D. O'Shaughnessy, INRS Telecommun., Ile des Soeurs, Que., Canada
V. Gupta, INRS Telecommun., Ile des Soeurs, Que., Canada
pp. 323-326
Y. Minami, NTT Human Interface Labs., Tokyo, Japan
S. Furui, NTT Human Interface Labs., Tokyo, Japan
pp. 327-330
T. Claes, Katholieke Univ., Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
D. Van Compernolle, Katholieke Univ., Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium
pp. 331-334
N. Mirghafori, Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., California Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA
E. Fosler, Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., California Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA
N. Morgan, Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., California Univ., Berkeley, CA, USA
pp. 335-338
S. Wegmann, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
D. McAllaster, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
J. Orloff, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
B. Peskin, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
pp. 339-341
E. Eide, BBN Syst. & Technol. Corp., Cambridge, MA, USA
H. Gish, BBN Syst. & Technol. Corp., Cambridge, MA, USA
pp. 346-348
J.G. Wilpon, AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
C.N. Jacobsen, AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
pp. 349-352
Li Lee, AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
R.C. Rose, AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
pp. 353-356
M.W. Macon, Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA
M.A. Clements, Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA
pp. 361-364
W. Verhelst, Fac. of Appl. Sci., Vrije Univ., Brussels, Belgium
J. Mertens, Fac. of Appl. Sci., Vrije Univ., Brussels, Belgium
pp. 365-368
Zhenli Yu, Dept. of Electron. Eng., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
P.C. Ching, Dept. of Electron. Eng., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
pp. 369-372
A.J. Hunt, ATR Interpreting Telecommun. Res. Labs., Kyoto, Japan
A.W. Black, Dept. of Electron. Eng., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
pp. 373-376
S. Narayanan, AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
A. Alwan, Dept. of Electron. Eng., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
pp. 377-380
T. Saito, Res. Lab., IBM Japan Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
Y. Hashimoto, Res. Lab., IBM Japan Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
M. Sakamoto, Res. Lab., IBM Japan Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
pp. 381-384
C.C. Goodyear, Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Electron., Liverpool Univ., UK
Dongbing Wei, Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Electron., Liverpool Univ., UK
pp. 385-388
T. Masuko, Precision & Intelligence Lab., Tokyo Inst. of Technol., Yokohama, Japan
K. Tokuda, Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Electron., Liverpool Univ., UK
T. Kobayashi, Res. Lab., IBM Japan Ltd., Tokyo, Japan
S. Imai, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
pp. 389-392
King-Fai Lam, Dept. of Electron. Eng., City Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Cheung-Fat Chan, Dept. of Electron. Eng., City Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
pp. 393-396
H. Stahl, Inst. of Human-Machine-Commun., Munich Univ. of Technol., Germany
J. Muller, Inst. of Human-Machine-Commun., Munich Univ. of Technol., Germany
M. Lang, Inst. of Human-Machine-Commun., Munich Univ. of Technol., Germany
pp. 397-400
J. Caminero-Gil, Speech Technol. Group, Telefonica Investigacion y Desarrollo, Madrid, Spain
J. Alvarez-Cercadillo, Inst. of Human-Machine-Commun., Munich Univ. of Technol., Germany
C. Crespo-Casas, Inst. of Human-Machine-Commun., Munich Univ. of Technol., Germany
D. Tapias-Merino, Dragon Syst. Inc., Newton, MA, USA
pp. 401-404
A. Stolcke, Speech Technol. & Res. Lab., SRI Int., Menlo Park, CA, USA
E. Shriberg, Inst. of Human-Machine-Commun., Munich Univ. of Technol., Germany
pp. 405-408
A. Waibel, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M. Finke, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
D. Gates, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M. Gavalda, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
T. Kemp, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
A. Lavie, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
L. Levin, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M. Maier, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
L. Mayfield, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
A. McNair, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
I. Rogina, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
K. Shima, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
T. Sloboda, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M. Woszczyna, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
T. Zeppenfeld, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
P. Zhan, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 409-412
T. Matsuoka, NTT Human Interface Labs., Tokyo, Japan
R. Hasson, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M. Barlow, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
S. Furui, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 413-15A
W. Ward, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
S. Issar, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 416-418
E. Noth, Lehrstuhl fur Mustererkennung, Erlangen-Nurnberg Univ., Germany
R. De Mori, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J. Fischer, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
A. Gebhard, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
S. Harbeck, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
R. Kompe, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
R. Kuhn, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
H. Niemann, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M. Mast, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 419-422
W. Eckert, Lehrstuhl fur Mustererkennung, Erlangen-Nurnberg Univ., Germany
F. Gallwitz, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
H. Niemann, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 423-426
E.K. Ringger, Dept. of Comput. Sci., Rochester Univ., NY, USA
J.F. Allen, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 427-430
A. Nagai, Media Technol. Dept., Mitsubishi Electr. Corp., Kanagawa, Japan
I. Ishikawa, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
K. Nakajima, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 431-434
J.-F. Mari, INRIA Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France
D. Fohr, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J.-C. Junqua, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 435-438
S. Nakagawa, Dept. of Inf. & Comput. Sci., Toyohashi Univ. of Technol., Japan
K. Yamamoto, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 439-442
M. Bacchiani, ATR Interpreting Telecommun. Res. Labs., Kyoto, Japan
M. Ostendorf, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Y. Sagisaka, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
K. Paliwal, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 443-446
W.J. Holmes, Speech Res. Unit, DRA Malvern, UK
M.J. Russell, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 447-450
L. Villarrubia, Speech Technol. Group, Telefonica Investigacion y Desarrollo, Madrid, Spain
L.H. Gomez, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J.M. Elvira, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J.C. Torrecilla, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 451-454
Bin Ma, Inst. of Autom., Acad. Sinica, Beijing, China
Taiyi Huang, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Bo Xu, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Xijun Zhang, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Fei Qu, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 455-458
C.N. Jacobsen, AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
J.G. Wilpon, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 459-462
Ruxin Chen, Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA
L.H. Jamieson, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 463-466
S. Takahashi, NTT Human Interface Labs., Kanagawa, Japan
S. Sagayama, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 467-470
O. Siohan, CRIN, Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France
Yifan Gong, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 471-474
K.T. Assaleh, Speech & Signal Process. Lab., Motorola, Scottsdale, AZ, USA
pp. 475-478
M.M. Meky, City Coll., City Univ. of New York, NY, USA
T.N. Saadawi, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 479-482
B.F. Necioglu, Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA
M.A. Clements, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M.A. Clements, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 483-486
K.H. Lam, Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Kowloon, Hong Kong
O.C. Au, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
C.C. Chan, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
K.F. Hui, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
S.F. Lau, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 487-490
Chiyi Jin, Dept. of Electr. Eng., Wyoming Univ., Laramie, WY, USA
R. Kubichek, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 491-494
A. Bayya, US West Adv. Technol., Boulder, CO, USA
M. Vis, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 495-498
S.F. Campos Neto, COMSAT Lab., Clarksburg, MD, USA
F.L. Corcoran, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J. Phipps, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
S. Dimolitsas, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 499-502
M.K. Sonmez, Speech Res. Lab., Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
R. Rajasekaran, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J.S. Baras, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 503-506
E. Lleida, AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA
R.C. Rose, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 507-510
S. Cox, Speech Res. Dept., AT&T Bell Labs., NJ, USA
R. Rose, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 511-514
Z. Rivlin, Speech Technol. & Res. Lab., SRI Int., Menlo Park, CA, USA
M. Cohen, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
V. Abrash, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
T. Chung, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 515-517
R.A. Sukkar, AT&T Bell Labs., Naperville, IL, USA
A.R. Setlur, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M.G. Rahim, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Chin-Hui Lee, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 518-521
K.M. Knill, Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK
S.J. Young, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 522-525
E.I. Chang, Nuance Commun., Menlo Park, CA, USA
R.P. Lippmann, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 526-529
T. Kemp, Dept. of Comput. Sci., Karlsruhe Univ., Germany
A. Jusek, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 530-533
P. Fetter, Daimler-Benz AG, Ulm, Germany
A. Kaltenmeier, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
T. Kuhn, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
P. Regel-Brietzmann, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 534-537
S. Matsunaga, ATR Interpreting Telecommun. Res. Labs., Kyoto, Japan
H. Sakamoto, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 538-541
Chen Chang-Qian, Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore
Koh Soo-Ngee, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
P. Sivaprakasapillai, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 542-545
J. Stegmann, Deutsche Telekom AG, Darmstadt, Germany
G. Schroder, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
K.A. Fischer, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 546-549
P. Philippe, CCETT, Cesson Sevigne, France
F. Moreau de Saint-Martin, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M. Lever, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J. Soumagne, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 550-553
J. Soumagne, Dept. of Electron. Eng., Yonsei Univ., Seoul, South Korea
J. Soumagne, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
J. Soumagne, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 554-557
H. Ohmuro, NTT Human Interface Labs., Tokyo, Japan
J. Ikedo, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
T. Moriya, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
A. Kataoka, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
S. Hayashi, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
K. Mano, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 558-561
S. Taumi, Inf. Technol. Res. Labs., NEC Corp., Kanagawa, Japan
K. Ozawa, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
T. Nomura, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M. Serizawa, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 562-565
W. LeBlanc, Personal Syst. Lab., Texas Instrum. Inc., Dallas, TX, USA
C. Liu, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
V. Viswanathan, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 569-572
K. Nishi, Dept. of Commun. & Syst. Eng., Univ. of Electro-Commun., Tokyo, Japan
S. Ando, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
S. Aida, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 573-576
K. Swaminathan, Hughes Network Syst. Inc., Germantown, MD, USA
K. Swaminathan, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
M. Austin, Interactive Syst. Lab., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 577-580
P. Schone, Hughes Network Syst. Inc., Germantown, MD, USA
D. Nelson, Sch. of Comput. Sci., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA
pp. 295-580
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.