Jan. 4, 2011 to Jan. 7, 2011
Citizen science is a form of research collaboration involving members of the public in scientific research projects to address real-world problems. Often organized as a virtual collaboration, these projects are a type of open movement, with collective goals addressed through open participation in research tasks. Existing typologies of citizen science projects focus primarily on the structure of participation, paying little attention to the organizational and macrostructural properties that are important to designing and managing effective projects and technologies. By examining a variety of project characteristics, we identified five types-Action, Conservation, Investigation, Virtual, and Education- that differ in primary project goals and the importance of physical environment to participation.
Andrea Wiggins, Kevin Crowston, "From Conservation to Crowdsourcing: A Typology of Citizen Science", HICSS, 2011, 2011 44th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2011), 2011 44th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2011) 2011, pp. 1-10, doi:10.1109/HICSS.2011.207