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41st Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
Fairness measures for resource allocation
Redondo Beach, California
November 12-November 14
ISBN: 0-7695-0850-2
A. Kumar, Dept. of Comput. Sci., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA
J. Kleinberg, Dept. of Comput. Sci., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA
In many optimization problems, one seeks to allocate a limited set of resources to a set of individuals with demands. Thus, such allocations can naturally be viewed as vectors, with one coordinate representing each individual. Motivated by work in network routing and bandwidth assignment, we consider the problem of producing solutions that simultaneously approximate all feasible allocations in a coordinate-wise sense. This is a very strong type of "global" approximation guarantee, and we explore its consequences in a range of discrete optimization problems, including facility location, scheduling, and bandwidth assignment in networks. A fundamental issue-one not encountered in the traditional design of approximation algorithms-is that good approximations in this global sense need not exist for every problem instance; there is no a priori reason why there should be an allocation that simultaneously approximates all others. As a result, the existential questions concerning such good allocations lead to a new perspective on a number of basic problems in resource allocation, and on the structure of their feasible solutions.
Index Terms:
optimisation; resource allocation; bandwidth allocation; telecommunication network routing; resource allocation; fairness measures; optimization problems; vectors; network routing; bandwidth assignment; global approximation guarantee; discrete optimization problems; facility location; scheduling
A. Kumar, J. Kleinberg, "Fairness measures for resource allocation," focs, pp.75, 41st Annual Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science, 2000
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