This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
2012 IEEE Fifth International Conference on Cloud Computing
A Performance Study on the VM Startup Time in the Cloud
Honolulu, HI, USA USA
June 24-June 29
ISBN: 978-1-4673-2892-0
One of many advantages of the cloud is the elasticity, the ability to dynamically acquire or release computing resources in response to demand. However, this elasticity is only meaningful to the cloud users when the acquired Virtual Machines (VMs) can be provisioned in time and be ready to use within the user expectation. The long unexpected VM startup time could result in resource under-provisioning, which will inevitably hurt the application performance. A better understanding of the VM startup time is therefore needed to help cloud users to plan ahead and make in-time resource provisioning decisions. In this paper, we study the startup time of cloud VMs across three real-world cloud providers -- Amazon EC2, Windows Azure and Rackspace. We analyze the relationship between the VM startup time and different factors, such as time of the day, OS image size, instance type, data center location and the number of instances acquired at the same time. We also study the VM startup time of spot instances in EC2, which show a longer waiting time and greater variance compared to on-demand instances.
Index Terms:
Linux,Availability,Time measurement,Servers,Asia,Cloud computing,Elasticity,spot instances,cloud computing,VM startup/acquisition/spinup time,performance study
Citation:
Ming Mao, Marty Humphrey, "A Performance Study on the VM Startup Time in the Cloud," cloud, pp.423-430, 2012 IEEE Fifth International Conference on Cloud Computing, 2012
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.