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IEEE COMPUTER SOCIETY DIGITAL LIBRARY (CSDL)
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We apologize for the inconvenience:

It looks like your session has expired, most likely due to CSDL site maintenance. You'll need to open a new browser window and log back into the CSDL to see the improvements and fixes we've just made available.

Thank you for your patience as we improve the performance and usability of the CSDL website.

IEEE Computer Society
What's New
Welcome to the new and improved Computer Society Digital Library (CSDL), now with:

  • Better viewing on multiple mobile devices
  • A new user-friendly interface
  • Faster page rendering
  • Updated social media tools, and more.

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