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Was Stuxnet an Act of War? Decoding a Cyberattack
July-Aug. 2011 (vol. 9 no. 4)
pp. 56-59
David P. Fidler, Indiana University
As software, we now understand Stuxnet. As a political event, we're still debating its significance. Although consensus doesn't exist, reactions to Stuxnet suggest that the worm's political repercussions may surpass its technical achievements—impact that might affect conditions influencing online privacy.

1. N. Falliere, L.O. Murchu, and E. Chien, W32. Stuxnet Dossier, Symantec Security Response, version 1.4, Feb. 2011.
2. "Case Concerning the Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States of America) (Merits)," Int'l Court of Justice Reports,27 Jun. 1986, p. 14;
3. P.A. Johnson, "An Assessment of International Legal Issues in Information Operations," US Dept. of Defense, May 1999;

Index Terms:
Aggression, armed attack, cybersecurity, cyberweapons, international law, intervention, Stuxnet, use of force, war
David P. Fidler, "Was Stuxnet an Act of War? Decoding a Cyberattack," IEEE Security & Privacy, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 56-59, July-Aug. 2011, doi:10.1109/MSP.2011.96
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