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Issue No.03 - May/June (2008 vol.6)
pp: 30-39
Nirwan Ansari , New Jersey Institute of Technology
Pitipatana Sakarindr , New Jersey Institute of Technology
Ehsan Haghani , New Jersey Institute of Technology
Chao Zhang , New Jersey Institute of Technology
Aridaman K. Jain , New Jersey Institute of Technology
Yun Q. Shi , New Jersey Institute of Technology
ABSTRACT
Despite their widespread deployment, questions about electronic voting systems' performance emerge following many elections. To encourage full public confidence in the electoral process, some researchers recommend equipping electronic voting machines with voter-verifiable audit trails that print out paper records that voters can read and verify. In this article, the authors report on their analysis and testing of one US state's criteria for direct-recording electronic (DRE) voting machines equipped with voter-verified paper-record (VVPR) systems. The criteria and analysis cover various categories, including privacy, security, verification, integrity, functionality, and examination. The authors describe their testing methodologies, discuss issues exhibited by different voting systems, and propose solutions to address those issues.
INDEX TERMS
electronic voting machines, direct-recording electronic (DRE) system, voter-verified paper-record system (VVPRS), voting system, security, testing, privacy
CITATION
Nirwan Ansari, Pitipatana Sakarindr, Ehsan Haghani, Chao Zhang, Aridaman K. Jain, Yun Q. Shi, "Evaluating Electronic Voting Systems Equipped with Voter-Verified Paper Records", IEEE Security & Privacy, vol.6, no. 3, pp. 30-39, May/June 2008, doi:10.1109/MSP.2008.62
REFERENCES
1. J. Epstein, "Electronic Voting," Computer, vol. 40, no. 8, 2007, pp. 92–95.
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3. R.T. Mercuri, Electronic Vote Tabulation Checks and Balances, dissertation, Dept. of Computer and Information Systems, Univ. Pennsylvania, Oct. 2000.
4. New Jersey Division of Elections, State of New Jersey Criteria for Voter-Verified Paper Record for Direct Recording Electronic Voting Machines, April 2007; www.nj.gov/oag/elections/voter_issuesFinal-VVPRS-Criteria.pdf .
5. US Election Assistance Commission, 2005 Voluntary Voting System Guidelines, vol. I (version 1), 2005; www.eac.gov/voting%20systems/docsvvsgvolumei.pdf .
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7. U.S. Election Assistance Commission, 2007 Voluntary Voting System Guidelines Recommendations to the Election Assistance Commission, Aug. 2007; http://vote.nist.gov/VVSG-0807Final-TGDC-VVSG-08312007.pdf .
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9. Avante Vote-Trakker Voter-verified Paper Record Assessment, report to NJ Attorney General, NJ Institute of Technology, 18 July 2007; www.nj.gov/oag/elections/Hearing-Reports-7.07 NJIT-Avante-report-7.07.pdf.
10. Sequoia AVC Advantage Voter-verified Paper Record Assessment, report to NJ Attorney General, NJ Institute of Technology, 18 July 2007; www.nj.gov/oag/elections/Hearing-Reports-7.07 NJIT-Advantage-report-7.07.pdf.
11. Sequoia AVC Edge Voter-verified Paper Record Assessment, report to NJ Attorney General, NJ Institute of Technology, 18 July 2007; www.nj.gov/oag/elections/Hearing-Reports-7.07 NJIT-Edge-report-7.07.pdf.
12. Election Systems &Software iVotronic w/RTAL Voter-verified Paper Record Assessment, report to NJ Attorney General, NJ Institute of Technology, 26 Sept. 2007; www.nj.gov/oag/elections/Hearing-Reports-7.07 ES&S_Final_Report_Sept%2026_2007.pdf .
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