Issue No.02 - March-April (2004 vol.2)
Elias Levy , Symantec
This installment of Attack Trends looks at the growing convergence of technically savvy computer crackers with financially motivated criminals. Historically, most computer crime on the Internet has not been financially motivated: It was the result of either curious or malicious technical attackers, called crackers. This changed as the Internet became more commercialized, with more of the public going online. Financially motivated actors in the fauna of the Internet's seedy underbelly—spammers and fraudsters—soon joined crackers to exploit this new potential goldmine.
Elias Levy, "Criminals Become Tech Savvy", IEEE Security & Privacy, vol.2, no. 2, pp. 65-68, March-April 2004, doi:10.1109/MSECP.2004.1281250