The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.01 - January-March (2010 vol.9)
pp: 38-47
Carl Fischer , Lancaster University, Lancaster
Hans Gellersen , Lancaster University, Lancaster
ABSTRACT
Emergency responders need location and navigation support, but few commercial or research localization systems are designed with them in mind. Harsh conditions and strict requirements make applying standard methods difficult. Preinstalled location systems, wireless sensor networks, and inertial sensing all have benefits and drawbacks when considering emergency response requirements. This survey of commercial products and research projects developed for such scenarios shows how these methods have been combined to address the concerns of firefighters and other indoor search-and-rescue personnel. In particular, a trade-off exists between easy deployment and good quality location support.
INDEX TERMS
location, navigation, emergency response, firefighting, wearable computing, wireless sensor nodes, localization, pedestrian dead reckoning
CITATION
Carl Fischer, Hans Gellersen, "Location and Navigation Support for Emergency Responders: A Survey", IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol.9, no. 1, pp. 38-47, January-March 2010, doi:10.1109/MPRV.2009.91
REFERENCES
1. J. Hightower and G. Borriello, "Location Systems for Ubiquitous Computing," Computer, vol. 34, no. 8, 2001, pp. 57–66.
2. R.F. Fahy, "U.S. Fire Service Fatalities in Structure Fires, 1977–2000," tech. report, US Nat'l Fire Protection Assoc., 2002.
3. M. Klann, "Tactical Navigation Support for Firefighters: The LifeNet Ad-Hoc Sensor-Network and Wearable System," Mobile Response, LNCS 5424, Springer, 2009, pp. 41–56.
4. T.E. Sendelbach, Search Line Survival Training, tech. report, Missouri City Fire &Rescue Services, 2002.
5. NFPA 1500: Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, tech. report, US Nat'l Fire Protection Assoc., 2002.
6. M.K. Donnelly et al., Thermal Environment for Electronic Equipment Used by First Responders, tech. report 1474, US Nat'l Inst. Standards and Tech., 2006.
7. Int'l Assoc. Fire Chiefs, Fundamentals of Fire Fighter Skills, Jones and Bartlett, 2004.
8. W.E. Clark, Firefighting Principles &Practices, PennWell Corp., 1991.
9. M. Worrell and A. MacFarlane, Phoenix Fire Department Radio System Safety Project, tech. report, City of Phoenix Fire Dept., 2004.
10. J. Wilson et al., "A Wireless Sensor Network and Incident Command Interface for Urban Firefighting," Proc. 4th Ann. Int'l Conf. Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Networking &Services, IEEE Press, 2007, pp. 1–7.
11. M. Youssef and A. Agrawala, "The Horus WLAN Location Determination System," Proc. 3rd Int'l Conf. Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services, ACM Press, 2005, pp. 205–218.
12. J.A. Costa et al., "Distributed Weighted-Multidimensional Scaling for Node Localization in Sensor Networks," ACM Trans. Sensor Networks, vol. 2, no. 1, 2006, pp. 39–64.
13. N.B. Priyantha et al., "The Cricket Compass for Context-Aware Mobile Applications," Proc. 7th Ann. Int'l Conf. Mobile Computing and Networking, ACM Press, 2001, pp.1–14.
14. M. Hazas et al., "A Relative Positioning System for Co-Located Mobile Devices," Proc. 3rd Int'l Conf. Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services, ACM Press, 2005, pp. 177–190.
15. G.D. Castillo et al., "A Sonar Approach to Obstacle Detection for a Vision-Based Autonomous Wheelchair," Robotics and Autonomous Systems, vol. 54, no. 12, 2006, pp. 967–981.
16. J. Koch et al., "Indoor Localisation of Humans, Objects, and Mobile Robots with RFID Infrastructure," Proc. 7th Int'l Conf. Hybrid Intelligent Systems, IEEE Press, 2007, pp. 271–276.
17. A. Kleiner and C. Dornhege, "Real-Time Localization and Elevation Mapping within Urban Search and Rescue Scenarios: Field Reports," J. Field Robotics, vol. 24, nos. 8–9, 2007, pp. 723–745.
18. R. Feliz, E. Zalama, and J. G. García-Bermejo, "Pedestrian Tracking Using Inertial Sensors," J. Physical Agents, vol. 3, no. 1, 2009, pp. 35–43.
19. V. Renaudin, O. Yalak, and P. Tome, "Hybridization of MEMS and Assisted GPS for Pedestrian Navigation," Inside GNSS, vol. 2, Jan. 2007, pp. 34–42.
20. E. Foxlin, "Pedestrian Tracking with Shoe-Mounted Inertial Sensors," IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 25, no. 6, 2005, pp. 38–46.
21. L. Ojeda and J. Borenstein, "Non-GPS Navigation for Security Personnel and First Responders," J. Navigation, vol. 60, no. 3, 2007, pp. 391–407.
22. C. Fischer et al., "Ultrasound-Aided Pedestrian Dead Reckoning for Indoor Navigation," Proc. Int'l Workshop Mobile Entity Localization and Tracking in GPS-Less Environments, ACM Press, 2008, pp. 31–36.
23. Widyawan, M. Klepal and S. Beauregard, "A Backtracking Particle Filter for Fusing Building Plans with PDR Displacement Estimates," Proc. 5th Workshop Positioning, Navigation and Communication (WPNC 08), IEEE Press, 2008, pp. 207–212.
24. V. Amendolare et al., "WPI Precision Personnel Location System: Inertial Navigation Supplementation," Position Location and Navigation Symp., IEEE CS Press, 2008, pp. 350–357; doi10.1109/PLANS.2008.4570055.
25. O. Woodman and R. Harle, "Pedestrian Localisation for Indoor Environments," Proc. 10th Int'l Conf. Ubiquitous Computing, vol. 344, ACM Press, 2008, pp. 114–123.
26. V. Renaudin et al., "Indoor Navigation of Emergency Agents," European J. Navigation, vol. 5, July 2007, pp. 36–45.
27. L.E. Miller, Indoor Navigation for First Responders: A Feasibility Study, tech. report, US Nat'l Inst. Standards and Tech., 2006.
28. B. Cinaz and H. Kenn, "HeadSLAM: Simultaneous Localization and Mapping with Head-Mounted Inertial and Laser Range Sensors," Proc. 12th IEEE Int'l Symp. Wearable Computers, IEEE CS Press, 2008, pp. 3–10.
29. D. Hähnel et al., "An Efficient FastSLAM Algorithm for Generating Maps of Large-Scale Cyclic Environments from Raw Laser Range Measurements," Proc. Int'l Conf. Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 03), IEEE Press, 2003, pp. 206–211.
17 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool