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A Solder's Tale: Putting the "Lead" Back in "Lead Users"
July-September 2008 (vol. 7 no. 3)
pp. 32-38
Nicolas Collins, The School of the Art Institute of Chicago
A composer's view of the history of hardware hacking, contrasting the aesthetic implications of circuitry and software.

1. A. Lucier, Vespers and Other Early Works, New World Records, 2002.
2. A. Lucier, Reflections. Interviews, Scores, Writings, MusikTexte, 1995, pp. 72–83, 312–315.
3. N. Collins, Pea Soup, Apestaartje, CD, 2004.
4. N. Collins, "All This and Brains Too—Thirty Years of Howling Round," Resonance Magazine, vol. 9, no. 2, 2002, pp. 6–7.
5. "Composers Inside Electronics—Music After David Tudor," Leonardo Music J.,Dec. 2004, pp. 1–3.
6. N. Collins and R. Kuivila, Going Out With Slow Smoke, Lovely Music, LP, 1982.
7. D. Behrman, On the Other Ocean/Figure in a Clearing, Lovely Music, LP, 1977.
8. N. Collins, Handmade Electronic Music—The Art of Hardware Hacking, Routledge, 2006.
9. R. Ghazala, Circuit Bending: Build Your Own Alien Instruments, Wiley Publications, 2005.
10. J. Surowiecki, The Wisdom of Crowds, Anchor Books, 2005, p. 11.

Index Terms:
Hacking, circuit bending, experimental music, performance, microcomputers
Nicolas Collins, "A Solder's Tale: Putting the "Lead" Back in "Lead Users"," IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 32-38, July-Sept. 2008, doi:10.1109/MPRV.2008.42
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