This Article 
 Bibliographic References 
 Add to: 
Pervasive 2D Barcodes for Camera Phone Applications
October-December 2007 (vol. 6 no. 4)
pp. 76-85
Hiroko Kato, Edith Cowan University
Keng T. Tan, Edith Cowan University
Although 2D barcode technology offers exciting applications, it's still in its infancy, partly because no global standard for 2D barcodes in camera phone applications exists. This article discusses the reliability and suitability of 2D barcodes as candidates for a global standard and identifies key factors for improving 2D-barcode reading's robustness.

1. J. Rekimoto and Y. Ayatsuka, "CyberCode: Designing Augmented Reality Environments with Visual Tags," Proc. Designing Augmented Reality Environments (DARE 00), ACM Press, 2000, pp.1–10.
2. 2 Dimensional Symbologies Handbook, Keyence Corp., May 2005; [in Japanese].
3. H. Kato and K.T. Tan, "2D Barcodes for Mobile Phones," Proc. 2nd Int'l Conf. Mobile Technology, Applications and Systems (MTAS 05), IEE, 2005, pp. P1A-4.
4. Information Technology—Automatic Identification and Data Capture Techniques—QR Code 2005 Bar Code Symbology, ISO/IEC 18004, Int'l Organization for Standardization, 2006.
5. Understanding 2D Symbologies: Detailed Information on Barcodes, Japan Automatic Identification Systems Assoc., 2004.
6. Automatic Identification and Data Capture Techniques—Data Matrix Bar Code Symbology Specification, ISO/IEC 16022, Int'l Organization for Standardization, 2006.
7. M. Rohs, "Real-World Interaction with Camera-Phones," Proc. 2nd Int'l Symp. Ubiquitous Computing Systems (UCS 04), LNCS 3598, Springer, 2005, pp. 74–89.
8. A. Madhavapeddy et al., "Using Camera Phones to Enhance Human-Computer Interaction," Adjunct Proc. 6th Int'l Conf. Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp 04), 2004; madhavapeddy.pdf.
9. D. López de Ipiña, P.R.S. Mendonça, and A. Hopper, "TRIP: A Low-Cost Vision-Based Location System for Ubiquitous Computing," Personal and Ubiquitous Computing J., vol. 6, no. 3, 2002, pp. 206–219.
10. T.-D. Han et al., Machine Readable Code Image and Method of Encoding and Decoding the Same, US Patent 7,020,327, US Patent and Trademark Office, 2006.
11. C.-H. Cheong et al., Mixed Code and Method and Apparatus for Generating the Same, Japan Patent 134,336, Japan's Patent and Trademark Office, [US Patent 20060097062, US Patent and Trademark Office], 2006.

Index Terms:
mobile applications, pervasive computing, user interface, interaction style
Hiroko Kato, Keng T. Tan, "Pervasive 2D Barcodes for Camera Phone Applications," IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 76-85, Oct.-Dec. 2007, doi:10.1109/MPRV.2007.80
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.