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Issue No.03 - July-September (2009 vol.16)
pp: 60-69
Xiang-Yang Wang , Liaoning Normal University
Pan-Pan Niu , Liaoning Normal University
Hong-Ying Yang , Liaoning Normal University
ABSTRACT
<p>A robust, digital-audio watermarking algorithm resists desynchronization attacks by relying on the support-vector-machine theory.</p>
INDEX TERMS
audio watermarking, desynchronization attack, support vector machine, audio statistics characteristics, synchronization code, multimedia and graphics
CITATION
Xiang-Yang Wang, Pan-Pan Niu, Hong-Ying Yang, "A Robust, Digital-Audio Watermarking Method", IEEE MultiMedia, vol.16, no. 3, pp. 60-69, July-September 2009, doi:10.1109/MMUL.2009.44
REFERENCES
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2. M. Barni, I.J. Cox, and T. Kalker, "Digital Watermarking," Proc. 4th Int'l Workshop Digital Watermarking (IWDW), LNCS 3710, Springer, 2005, pp. 260-274.
3. W. Li and X.Y. Xue, "An Audio Watermarking Technique that Is Robust Against Random Cropping," Computer Music J., vol. 27, no. 4, 2003, pp. 58-68.
4. B. Schölkopf and A.J. Smola, Learning with Kernels: Support Vector Machines, Regularization, Optimization, and Beyond, MIT Press, 2002.
5. V. Vapinik, The Nature of Statistical Learning Theory, Springer-Verlag, 2000.
6. N. Cristianini and J. Shawe-Taylor, Support Vector Machines and Other Kernel-Based Learning Methods, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000.
7. B. Schölkopf et al., "Estimating the Support of a High-Dimensional Distribution," Neural Computation, vol. 13, no. 7, 2001, pp. 1443-1471.
8. C.C. Chang and C.J. Lin, LIBSVM: A Library for Support Vector Machines, 2001, pp. 601-611; http://www.csie.ntu.edu.tw/cjlinlibsvm.
9. J.W. Huang, Y. Wang, and Y.Q. Shi, "A Blind Audio Watermarking Algorithm with Self-Synchronization," Proc. IEEE Int'l Symp. Circuits System, IEEE Press, vol. 3, 2002, pp. 627-630.
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