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Energy-Aware Accounting and Billing in Large-Scale Computing Facilities
May/June 2011 (vol. 31 no. 3)
pp. 60-71
Victor Jimenez, Barcelona Supercomputing Center
Roberto Gioiosa, Barcelona Supercomputing Center
Francisco J. Cazorla, Spanish National Research Council
Mateo Valero, Polytechnic University of Catalonia
Eren Kursun, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Canturk Isci, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Alper Buyuktosunoglu, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center
Pradip Bose, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center

Proposals have focused on reducing energy requirements for large-scale computing facilities (LSCFs), but little research has addressed the need for energy-usage-based accounting. Energy-aware accounting and billing benefits LSCF owners and users. This article makes a case for accurate cost accounting and billing, which accounts for user-specific energy usage, and identifies the hardware- and software-level changes necessary to support energy-aware accounting.

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Index Terms:
Energy-aware systems, power management, hardware, emerging technologies, computer systems organization, hardware/software interfaces
Victor Jimenez, Roberto Gioiosa, Francisco J. Cazorla, Mateo Valero, Eren Kursun, Canturk Isci, Alper Buyuktosunoglu, Pradip Bose, "Energy-Aware Accounting and Billing in Large-Scale Computing Facilities," IEEE Micro, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 60-71, May-June 2011, doi:10.1109/MM.2011.35
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