Issue No.06 - November/December (1984 vol.4)
Richard Emmerson , Intel Corporation
Michael McGowan , High Integrity Systems Ltd.
This quad-modular redundant system offers a cost-effective alternativefor supporting fault tolerance by incorporating hardware/software independence and five redundancy mechanisms to correct both transient and permanent errors.
Richard Emmerson, Michael McGowan, "Fault Tolerance Achieved in VLSI", IEEE Micro, vol.4, no. 6, pp. 34-43, November/December 1984, doi:10.1109/MM.1984.291279