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Ginga Middleware and Digital TV in Latin America
July-Aug. 2012 (vol. 14 no. 4)
pp. 59-61
Gabriel Baum, Universidad Nacional de La Plata
Luiz Fernando G. Soares, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro
In 2005, Brazil launched its digital TV (DTV) agenda. The main premise was to reduce the digital divide present in the country, giving the lower social classes the right to access, produce, and distribute information. As a natural consequence, a second premise stressed the generation of local IT jobs and companies in support of this effort. It was under these requirements that Ginga, the ITU-T DTV middleware system, was conceived. This department presents Ginga and its role in the socioeconomic development of Latin-America. It is part of a special issue on IT in Emerging Markets.

1. L.F.G. Soares, R.F. Rodrigues, and M.F. Moreno, “Ginga-NCL: The Declarative Environment of the Brazilian Digital TV System,” J. Brazilian Computer Soc., vol. 12, no. 4, 2007, pp. 37–46.
2. ABNT NBR 15606-2, Ginga-NCL for Fixed and Mobile Receivers—XML Application Language for Application Coding, 2nd ed., Brazilian Nat'l Standards Organization, 2011.
3. L.F.G. Soares et al., “Ginga-NCL: Declarative Middleware for Multimedia IPTV Services,” IEEE Comm. Magazine, vol. 48, no. 6, 2010, pp. 74–81.
4. Nested Context Language (NCL) and Ginga-NCL for IPTV Services, ITU-T Recommendation H.761, Apr. 2009.

Index Terms:
Ginga, open source middleware, digital TV, Brazil, Latin America, emerging economies
Citation:
Gabriel Baum, Luiz Fernando G. Soares, "Ginga Middleware and Digital TV in Latin America," IT Professional, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 59-61, July-Aug. 2012, doi:10.1109/MITP.2012.78
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