This Article 
 Bibliographic References 
 Add to: 
Managing Requirements Risks in IT Projects
Nov.-Dec. 2011 (vol. 13 no. 6)
pp. 40-47
Lars Mathiassen, Georgia State University
Tuure Tuunanen, University of Oulu

IT professionals must navigate an increasingly complex requirements landscape. Presented here is a process for identifying, analyzing, and mitigating requirements risks throughout the project life cycle. The authors illustrate its use in a case study for a mobile presence service.

1. T. Tuunanen et al., "A Conceptual Framework for Consumer Information Systems Development," Pacific Asia J. Assoc for Information Systems, vol. 2, no. 5, 2010, pp. 47–66.
2. C. Larman and V.R. Basili, "Iterative and Incremental Development: A Brief History," Computer, vol. 36, no. 6, 2003, pp. 47–56.
3. K. Peffers and C. Gengler, "How to Identify New High-Payoff Information Systems for the Organization," Comm. ACM, vol. 46, no. 1, 2003, pp. 83–88.
4. M. Jirotka and P. Luff, "Supporting Requirements with Video-Based Analysis," IEEE Software, vol. 23, no. 3, 2006, pp. 42–44.
5. L. Mathiassen et al., "A Contigency Model for Requirements Development," J. Assoc of Information Systems, Nov. 2007, pp. 569–597.
6. B. Boehm, "Software Risk Management: Principles and Practices," IEEE Software, vol. 8, no. 1, 1991, pp. 32–41.
7. K. Lyytinen et al., "Attention Shaping and Software Risk—A Categorical Analysis of Four Classical Risk Management Approaches," Information Systems Research, Sept. 1998, pp. 233–255.
8. L. Mathiassen et al., "A Contingency Model for Requirements Development," J. Assoc Information Systems, Nov. 2007, pp. 569–597.
9. G. Davis, "Strategies for Information Requirements Determination," IBM Systems J., vol. 21, no. 1, 1982, pp. 4–31.
10. B. Fazlollahi and M.R. Tanniru, "Selecting a Requirement Determination Methodology-Contingency Approach Revisited," Information & Management, Dec. 1991, pp. 291–303.
11. A.M. Hickey and A. Davis, "A Unified Model of Requirements Elicitation," J. Management Information Systems, vol. 20, no. 4, 2004, pp. 65–84.
12. CMMI for Development, Version 1.2, tech. report CMU/SEI-2006-TR-008, Software Eng. Inst., Carnegie Mellon Univ., 2006;
13. T.A. Byrd et al., "A Synthesis of Research on Requirements Analysis and Knowledge Acquisition Techniques," MIS Quarterly, Mar. 1992, pp. 117–138.
14. T. Ravichandran and A. Rai, "Quality Management in Systems Development: An Organizational System Perspective," MIS Quarterly, Sept. 2000, pp. 381–415.
15. K. Holtzblatt, "Requirements Gathering: The Human Factor," Comm. ACM, vol. 38, no. 5, 1995, pp. 31–33.
16. P.P.-S. Chen, "The Entity-Relationship Model—Toward a Unified View of Data," ACM Trans. Database Systems, Mar. 1976, pp. 9–36.
17. G. Booch et al., The Unified Modeling Language User Guide, 1st ed., Addison Wesley, 1998.
18. H. Barki et al., "Toward an Assessment of Software Development Risk," J. Management Information Systems, vol. 10, no. 2, 1993, pp. 203–225.
19. R. Watson, "What Is Mobile Presence?", 10 Apr. 2009;
20. T. Tuunanen et al., "Developing Feature Sets for Geographically Diverse External End Users: A Call for Value-Based Preference Modelling," J. Information Technology Theory and Application, vol. 8, no 2, 2006, pp. 41–55.
21. M. Rossi and T. Tuunanen, "A Method and Tool for Wide Audience Requirements Elicitation and Rapid Prototyping for Mobile Systems," Conceptual Modeling for Advanced Application Domains, LNCS 3289, Springer, 2004, pp. 629–640.
22. T. Tuunanen and M. Rossi, "Engineering a Method for Wide Audience Requirements Elicitation and Integrating It to Software Development," Proc. 37th Hawaii Int'l Conf. System Sciences, IEEE CS Press, 2004, p. 10.
23. M. Przybilski and T. Tuunanen, "From Rich User Requirements to System Requirements," Proc. 11th Pacific-Asia Conf. Information Systems, Association for Information Systems (AIS), 2007, pp. 561–574.

Index Terms:
Keywords: requirements risks, management, technique portfolio, project lifecycle.
Lars Mathiassen, Tuure Tuunanen, "Managing Requirements Risks in IT Projects," IT Professional, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 40-47, Nov.-Dec. 2011, doi:10.1109/MITP.2011.102
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.