This Article 
 Bibliographic References 
 Add to: 
Incentive Mechanisms in P2P Media Streaming Systems
September/October 2010 (vol. 14 no. 5)
pp. 74-81
Xiao Su, San Jose State University
Suchreet K. Dhaliwal, Cisco Systems
Free riding, whereby a peer utilizes network resources but doesn't contribute services, could have a huge impact on the efficacy of streaming systems, leading to scalability issues and service degradation. BitTorrent-like tit-for-tat mechanisms can't simply be tailored and used in streaming. Even though the free-riding problem is more severe in peer-to-peer (P2P) media streaming than in file sharing, the deployed systems still lack incentive schemes. Here, the authors categorize, analyze, and compare a range of incentive mechanisms proposed for P2P streaming systems and discuss the future research issues that must be addressed before these schemes can be deployed in practice.

1. M. Castro et al., "Splitstream: High-Bandwidth Multicast in Cooperative Environments," Proc. ACM Symp. Operating Systems Principles (SOSP 03), ACM Press, 2003, pp. 298–313.
2. X. Zhang et al., "CoolStreaming/DONet: A Data-Driven Overlay Network for Peer-to-Peer Live Media Streaming," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Computer Communications (INFOCOM 05), IEEE Press, 2005, pp. 2102–2111.
3. L. Zhao et al., "GridMedia: A Practical Peer-to-Peer-Based Live Video Streaming System," Proc. IEEE Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing, IEEE Press, 2005, pp. 1–4.
4. V. Pai et al., "Chainsaw: Eliminating Trees from Overlay Multicast," Proc. 4th Int'l Workshop Peer-to-Peer Systems (IPTPS 05), LNCS, Springer, 2005, pp. 127–140.
5. N. Magharei and R. Rajaie, "PRIME: Peer-to-Peer Receiver-Driven Mesh-Based Streaming," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Computer Communications (INFOCOM 07), IEEE Press, 2007, pp. 1415–1423.
6. H.C. Li et al., "BAR Gossip," Proc. 7th Symp. Operating Systems Design and Implementation (OSDI), Usenix Assoc., 2006, pp. 191–204.
7. S. Ali, A. Mathur, and H. Zhang, "Measurement of Commercial Peer-to-Peer Live Video Streaming," Proc. Int'l Workshop Recent Advances in Peer-to-Peer Streaming, 2006.
8. A. Sentinelli et al., "Will IPTV Ride the Peer-to-Peer Stream?" IEEE Comm., vol. 45, June 2007, pp. 86–92.
9. T.W.J. Ngan, D.S. Wallach, and P. Druschel, "Incentives-Compatible Peer-to-Peer Multicast," Proc. 2nd Workshop on the Economics of Peer-to-Peer Systems, 2004, pp. 2–7.
10. F. Pianese et al., "Pulse: An Adaptive, Incentive-Based, Unstructured P2P Live Streaming System," IEEE Trans. Multimedia, vol. 9, no. 8, 2007, pp. 1645–1660.
11. Z. Liu et al., "LayerP2P: Using Layered Video Chunks in P2P Live Streaming," IEEE Trans. Multimedia, vol. 11, no. 7, 2009, pp. 1340–1352.
12. A. Habib and J. Chuang, "Service Differentiated Peer Selection: An Incentive Mechanism for Peer-to-Peer Media Streaming," IEEE Trans. Multimedia, vol. 8, no. 3, 2006, pp. 610–621.
13. S.D. Kamvar, M.T. Schlosser, and H. Garcia-Molina, "The EigenTrust Algorithm for Reputation Management in P2P Networks," Proc. Int'l Conf. World Wide Web (WWW 03), ACM Press, 2003, pp. 640–651.
14. S. Ye and F. Makedon, "Collaboration-Aware Peer-to-Peer Media Streaming," Proc. ACM Int'l Conf. Multimedia, ACM Press, 2004, pp. 412–415.
15. M. Yeung and Y.-K. Kwok, "Game-Theoretic Scalable Peer-to-Peer Media Streaming," Proc. IEEE Int'l Symp. Parallel and Distributed Processing (IPDPS 08), IEEE Press, 2008, pp. 1–11.
16. M.J. Osborne and A. Rubinstein, A Course in Game Theory, MIT Press, 1994.
17. I. Keidar, R. Melamed, and A. Orda, "EquiCast: Scalable Multicast with Selfish Users," Computer Networks, vol. 53, no. 13, 2009, pp. 2373–2386.
18. M. Yeung and Y.-K. Kwok, "Game-Theoretic Peer Selection for Resilient Peer-to-Peer Media Streaming Systems," Proc. Int'l Conf. Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS 08), IEEE Press, 2008, pp. 817–824.
19. Y.-H. Chu, J. Chuang, and H. Zhang, "A Case for Taxation in Peer-to-Peer Streaming Broadcast," Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Workshop on Practice and Theory of Incentives in Networked Systems, ACM Press, 2004, pp. 205–212.

Index Terms:
peer-to-peer networks, P2P, media streaming, free riding, incentive mechanisms
Xiao Su, Suchreet K. Dhaliwal, "Incentive Mechanisms in P2P Media Streaming Systems," IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 74-81, Sept.-Oct. 2010, doi:10.1109/MIC.2010.119
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.