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Smart Objects as Building Blocks for the Internet of Things
January/February 2010 (vol. 14 no. 1)
pp. 44-51
Gerd Kortuem, University of Lancaster,
Fahim Kawsar, Waseda University Lancaster University , Tokyo Lancaster
Vasughi Sundramoorthy, Lancaster University, Lancaster
Daniel Fitton, Lancaster University Lancaster University, Lancaster Lancaster
The combination of the Internet and emerging technologies such as near-field communications, real-time localization, and embedded sensors lets us transform everyday objects into smart objects that can understand and react to their environment. Such objects are building blocks for the Internet of Things and enable novel computing applications. As a step toward design and architectural principles for smart objects, the authors introduce a hierarchy of architectures with increasing levels of real-world awareness and interactivity. In particular, they describe activity-, policy-, and process-aware smart objects and demonstrate how the respective architectural abstractions support increasingly complex application.

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Index Terms:
smart objects, Internet of Things, ubiquitous computing, design methods
Citation:
Gerd Kortuem, Fahim Kawsar, Vasughi Sundramoorthy, Daniel Fitton, "Smart Objects as Building Blocks for the Internet of Things," IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 44-51, Jan.-Feb. 2010, doi:10.1109/MIC.2009.143
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