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Extending IP to Low-Power, Wireless Personal Area Networks
July/August 2008 (vol. 12 no. 4)
pp. 37-45
Jonathan W. Hui, Arch Rock
David E. Culler, University of California, Berkeley
Extending IP to low-power, wireless personal area networks (LoWPANs) was once considered impractical because these networks are highly constrained and must operate unattended for multiyear lifetimes on modest batteries. Many vendors embraced proprietary protocols, assuming that IP was too resource-intensive to be scaled down to operate on the microcontrollers and low-power wireless links used in LoWPAN settings. However, 6LoWPAN radically alters the calculation by introducing an adaptation layer that enables efficient IPv6 communication over IEEE 802.15.4 LoWPAN links.

1. G. Montenegro et al., Transmission of IPv6 Packets over IEEE 802.15.4 Networks, IETF RFC 4944, Sept. 2007; http://tools.ietf.org/htmlrfc4944.
2. T. Narten et al., Neighbor Discovery for IP version 6 (IPv6), IETF RFC 4861, Sept. 2007, http://tools.ietf.org/htmlrfc4861.
3. S. Thomson, T. Narten, and T. Jinmei, IPv6 Stateless Address Autoconfiguration, IETF RFC 4862, Sept. 2007; http://tools.ietf.org/htmlrfc4862.
4. C. Westphal and R. Koodli, "Stateless IP Header Compression," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Comm. (ICC 05), vol. 5, 2005, pp. 3236–3241.
5. V. Jacobson, Compressing TCP/IP Headers for Low-speed Serial Links, IETF RFC 1144, Feb. 1990; http://tools.ietf.org/htmlrfc1144.
6. J. Hui and D. Culler, "Compression Format for IPv6 Datagrams in 6LoWPAN Networks," draft-hui-6lowpan-hc-00, June 2007; http://tools.ietf.org/htmldraft-hui-6lowpan-hc-00 .
1. G. Montenegro et al., Transmission of IPv6 Packets over IEEE 802.15.4 Networks, IETF RFC 4944, Sept. 2007; http://tools.ietf.org/htmlrfc4944.
2. C. Westphal and R. Koodli, "Stateless IP Header Compression," Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. Comm. (ICC 05), vol.5, 2005, pp. 3236–3241.

Index Terms:
IPv6, 6LoWPAN, IEEE 802.15.4, wireless, networks, sensor networks, internetworking
Citation:
Jonathan W. Hui, David E. Culler, "Extending IP to Low-Power, Wireless Personal Area Networks," IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 37-45, July-Aug. 2008, doi:10.1109/MIC.2008.79
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