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Emergency Response Applications: Dynamic Plume Modeling and Real-Time Routing
January/February 2008 (vol. 12 no. 1)
pp. 38-44
Pavan Kumar Chitumalla, University of Texas at Dallas
Douglas Harris, University of Texas at Dallas
Bhavani Thuraisingham, University of Texas at Dallas
Latifur Khan, University of Texas at Dallas
In a crisis situation, toxic gas can be released into the air, blocking routes for emergency responders. Rescue workers must be able to compute the shortest and safest paths in the presence of toxic gas dispersions that move dynamically with changing wind speed and direction. To model this, the authors developed weather retriever software, which fetches weather details about a particular location from the Internet and acts as the station for atmospheric measurements for the Aloha plume-modeling software. The authors also explored options for displaying this dynamic plume on a geographic map.

1. P.K. Chitumalla, Dynamic Plume Modeling and Real-Time Routing for Emergency Response Applications, master's thesis, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Texas at Dallas, May 2007.
2. T. Vincenty, "Direct and Inverse Solutions of Geodesics on the Ellipsoid with Application of Nested Equations," Survey Review XXII, vol. 176, 1975, pp. 88–93.
3. J. Muhasky, "Communicating with Aloha," Nat'l Oceanic &Atmospheric Administration white paper; 2007; http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/book_shelf 1417_Communicating%20With%20ALOHA.pdf .
4. Exploring ArcObjects, vol. 1, ESRI, 2001.
5. "Designing a Portable Weather Station for Use with Aloha," Nat'l Oceanic &Atmospheric Administration document, 2007; http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/book_shelf 982_Metdesig.pdf.

Index Terms:
dynamic plume modeling, real-time routing, GIS and crisis management, toxic gas modeling
Citation:
Pavan Kumar Chitumalla, Douglas Harris, Bhavani Thuraisingham, Latifur Khan, "Emergency Response Applications: Dynamic Plume Modeling and Real-Time Routing," IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 38-44, Jan.-Feb. 2008, doi:10.1109/MIC.2008.11
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