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Integration with Web Services
November/December 2003 (vol. 7 no. 6)
pp. 75-77
Steve Vinoski, IONA Technologies

Middleware's success and proliferation has recreated—at a higher level—the very problem it was designed to address. Rather than having to deal with multiple different OSs, today?s distributed-application developers face multiple middleware approaches. Indeed, middleware does provide the promised abstractions, but different approaches provide different types of abstractions. For example, those found in message-queuing systems are quite different from the ones in distributed object systems.

Citation:
Steve Vinoski, "Integration with Web Services," IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 75-77, Nov.-Dec. 2003, doi:10.1109/MIC.2003.1250587
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