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Issue No.01 - January/February (2000 vol.4)
pp: 44-46
Published by the IEEE Computer Society
As we transition collectively into another millennium, we are also experiencing a most remarkable development. Under our own control and incentive, we can now create and instantly share our individual intellectual resources through a worldwide computer network. This phenomenon is simplistically summed up as "the Internet." Many individuals from diverse communities have contributed their unique facets to this phenomenon. With the blessing of the IEEE Computer Society's Internet Computing Editorial Board, I have the honor of assembling a "Millennium Mosaic" to celebrate the Internet and its developers.
The concept is simple: challenge people who significantly contributed to the Internet phenomenon over the past three decades to pause and project where it is going during the first decade of the new millennium.
Given all the facets of this mosaic, implementing the concept was an editorial challenge. The matter was facilitated, however, by a piece of paper I've kept for nearly 20 years—known simply as "Lukasik's List." As perhaps the ultimate, nearly invisible strategic technology mastermind of our times, Steve Lukasik assembled his own personal cabinet of technical genius, innovation, and counsel in the early 1980s. About half of the contributors to this issue were drawn from that list.
Lukasik's List didn't account, however, for many subsequent critically enabling communities, such as the entrepreneurs who dared to venture and scale in the marketplace, or the innovators who dreamed of virtual worlds and wrote the code to make them happen, or the press who understood what was happening and penned the lyrics to capture public imagination, or the leaders who pushed a clear path through regulatory brambles and universal bureaucracy.
Of Contributors and Communities

    Stephen J. Lukasik represents both technical and regulatory strategic communities.

    Paul Baran represents the earliest ARPA pioneers; he is the co-inventor of packet communications.

    Larry Roberts, another ARPA pioneer, represents the crossover to ventrepreneurialism. He fought to remove regulatory impediments to the creation of new global industries, founding Telenet in 1975; he evangelizes "Roberts' law," portraying the fundamental directions of processing and transport.

    Len Kleinrock represents the early ARPA research community and the mentoring of Internet genius within the academic community; he's still going strong at the University of California, Los Angeles, with particular interest in advancing the development of "nomadicity."

    Steve Crocker represents the original online brainstorming applications and standards community as well as a principal locus of the security and cybercash branches in the field.

    Jim White is one of the earliest application innovators, who subsequently became a leader within the advanced mobile software agent community.

    Danny Cohen represents the Information Sciences Institute "think tank" community at the University of Southern California; he helped develop system-area protocols.

    Bob Metcalfe is another early pioneer who radically changed the networking infrastructure by inventing Ethernet, then transformed himself into an entrepreneur, creating 3Com. More recently, he has become a journalist, where he uniquely represents technology in the press.

    Ross Callon is a member of the early BBN engineering community and is currently setting the stage for the Internet's "next generations" by building the terabit router infrastructure.

    Bill Gates is the preeminent entrepreneur of the PC industry, who enabled Internet use on a mass scale through software tools that turned PCs into Internet hosts.

    Bill Joy represents the community of Berkeley innovators that built the critically important Unix workstation industry at the operating-system level; he is now setting the stage for next-generation distributed system architectures through Jini.

    Bill Schrader is an early Internet service provider (ISP) who struggled to transform an Internet infrastructure that was accessible only to the few into a thriving commercial enterprise available to the many.

    Eric Schmidt comes from the workstation and operating system community that nurtured the applications to transform the Internet into a global business tool.

    Carl Malamud represents the individualistic, application code warriors who led the way for entire industry segments like Internet data warehousing and broadcasting.

    Mike Schwartz represents the early Internet resource discovery community; he did seminal research and wrote some of the elegant code for the earliest search engines.

    Peter Deutsch, also from the Internet resource discovery community, conceptualized the universal resource locator and turned code into application with the first widespread search client and service—Archie—together with partner Alan Emtage.

    Larry Smarr represents the research community that specialized in applications development; he established the projects that led to the Internet's two most popular public applications—the Web browser and e-mail client.

    kc claffy represents the research community that analyzed the Internet's traffic flows and architecture; she developed and evangelized caching technology, and continues to conduct the ultimate Internet architectural overviews for the future.

    Dana Moore represents the researchers in laboratories and government agencies who contributed to the Internet's development in countless critical and unseen ways; this community is now becoming more public in articulating and shaping the infospheres and applications of the future.

    Richard Kilmer is one of the small-scale developers who is using code to transform an idea into tools—in this case, to help average people weave their own personal information portals for the future.

On behalf of IEEE Internet Computing, I wish to thank these 20 Internet stars. We hope you enjoy their observations and forecasts. Happy new millennium!
A.M. Rutkowski is an engineer-lawyer who is the principal consultant for NGI Associates and the director of the Center for Next Generation Internet and its annual global conference. Rutkowski is affiliated with General Magic Inc., participates on the boards of startup Internet companies and nonprofit organizations, and writes for industry publications in his spare time.
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