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Command and Control Requirements for Moving-Target Defense
May-June 2012 (vol. 27 no. 3)
pp. 79-85
Marco Carvalho, Institute for Human and Machine Cognition
Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Institute for Human and Machine Cognition
Larry Bunch, Institute for Human and Machine Cognition
Tom Eskridge, Institute for Human and Machine Cognition
Paul J. Feltovich, Institute for Human and Machine Cognition
Robert R. Hoffman, Institute for Human and Machine Cognition
Daniel Kidwell, Department of Defense
The macrocognitive workplace is constantly changing, and a work system can never match its environment completely; there are always gaps in fitness because the work is itself a moving target. This article looks at a domain where the workplace is a moving target in three ways: cyberdefense. New technology and work methods are continually being introduced, domain constraints are not constant; the work itself is changing in terms of its new goals and requirements, and anything can be surprising. The article presents a possible sensemaking strategy and implications for the design of intelligent systems founded on human-machine interdependence, semantically rich policy governance, and having the goal of achieving resilience in the cognitive work.

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Index Terms:
macrocognition, laws of cognitive work, cyberdefense, sensemaking, resilience, human-machine interdependence
Marco Carvalho, Jeffrey M. Bradshaw, Larry Bunch, Tom Eskridge, Paul J. Feltovich, Robert R. Hoffman, Daniel Kidwell, "Command and Control Requirements for Moving-Target Defense," IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 79-85, May-June 2012, doi:10.1109/MIS.2012.45
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