The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.04 - July/August (2011 vol.26)
pp: 40-47
Robert S. Bolia , US Office of Naval Research Global
Raymond E. Slyh , US Air Force Research Laboratory
ABSTRACT
<p>A contributing factor to failures of machine translation and large-scale intelligent decision-support systems is the unavailability of "common sense" about the world and about language and its contextual use.</p>
INDEX TERMS
intelligent systems, machine translation, natural language processing, knowledge representation formalisms and methods, applications and expert knowledge-intensive systems, intelligent web services and semantic web, knowledge acquisition, philosophical foundations
CITATION
Robert S. Bolia, Raymond E. Slyh, "Representation and Comprehension in Machine Translation and Intelligent Decision Support", IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol.26, no. 4, pp. 40-47, July/August 2011, doi:10.1109/MIS.2011.42
REFERENCES
1. H. Chen and D. Zimbra, "AI and Opinion Mining," IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 25, no. 3, 2010, pp. 74–76.
2. H. Chen, "Business and Market Intelligence 2.0," IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 25, no. 1, 2010, pp. 68–71.
3. R. Bolia, "Intelligent Decision Support Systems in Network-Centric Military Operations," Intelligent Decisions? Intelligent Support? Pre-Proceedings for the Int'l Workshop on Intelligent Decision Support Systems: Retrospect and Prospects, 2005, pp. 3–7.
4. R. Bolia et al., "From Chess to Chancellorsville: Measuring Decision Quality in Military Commanders," Human Performance, Situation Awareness, and Automation: Current Research and Trends, vol. 1, D. Vincenzi, M. Mouloua, and P. Hancock eds., Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004, pp. 269–273.
5. D. Kahneman,, "A Perspective on Judgment and Choice," Am. Psychologist, vol. 58, no. 9, 2003, pp. 697–720.
6. G. Klein, "The Recognition-Primed Decision Model: Looking Back, Looking Forward," Naturalistic Decision Making, C. Zsambok, and G. Klein eds., Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997, pp. 285–292.
7. M.Y. Lermontov, Герой Нашево Времени [A Hero of Our Time], Russky Yazyk, 1988.
8. C. Tacitus, , The Life of Agricola and the Germania, Ginn & Co., 1913.
9. J.-P. Sartre, L'Être et le Néant: Essai d'Ontologie Phénoménologique [Being And Nothingness: A Phenomenological Essay on Ontology], Éditions Gallimard, 1943.
10. Sophocles, Antigone – The Women of Trachis – Philoctetes – Oedipus at Colonus, Harvard Univ. Press, 1994.
11. W.J. Hutchins, Machine Translation: Past, Present, Future, Ellis Horwood, 1986.
12. J. Allen, Natural Language Understanding, 2nd ed., Benjamin/Cummings, 1995.
13. D. Jurafsky and J. Martin, Speech and Language Processing: An Introduction to Natural Language Processing, Computational Linguistics, and Speech Recognition, Prentice Hall, 2000.
14. C. Manning and H. Schütze, Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing, MIT Press, 1999.
15. P. Koehn, Statistical Machine Translation, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2010.
16. P. Brown et al., "The Mathematics of Statistical Machine Translation: Parameter Estimation," Computational Linguistics, vol. 19, 1993, pp. 263–311.
17. G. Volta, "Time and Decision," Intelligent Decision Support in Process Environments, E. Hollnagel, G. Mancini, and D. Woods eds., Springer-Verlag, 1986.
18. R. Guha, and D. Lenat, "Cyc: A Midterm Report," AI Magazine, vol. 11, no. 3, 1990, pp. 32–59.
19. D. Lenat and R. Guha, Building Large Knowledge Based Systems, Addison Wesley, 1990.
20. D. Lenat, "Cyc: A Large-Scale Investment in Knowledge Infrastructure," Comm. ACM, vol. 38, no. 11, 1995, pp. 33–38.
21. C. Locke, "Common Knowledge or Superior Ignorance?" IEEE Intelligent Systems and Their Applications, vol. 5, no. 6, 1990, pp. 86–87.
22. M. Stefik and S. Smoliar, "The Commonsense Reviews," Artificial Intelligence, vol. 61, no. 1, 1993, pp. 37–179.
23. V. Pratt, Cyc Report, revised, 19 Apr. 1994; http://boole.stanford.educyc.html.
24. K. Mahesh et al., An Assessment of Cyc for Natural Language Processing, tech. report MCCS-96-302, Computing Research Laboratory, New Mexico State Univ., 1996.
25. M. Witbrock et al., "An Interactive Dialogue System for Knowledge Acquisition in Cyc," Proc. Work-shop on Mixed-Initiative Intelligent Systems (held in conjunction with the 18th Int'l Joint Conf. Artificial Intelligence), 2003, pp. 138–145; http://lalab.gmu.edu/miisproceedings.html .
26. M. Witbrock et al., "Knowledge Begets Knowledge: Steps Towards Assisted Knowledge Acquisition in Cyc," Proc. AAAI Spring Symp. Knowledge Collection from Volunteer Contributors (KCVC 05), AAAI Press, 2005, pp. 99–105.
27. H. Liu and P. Singh, "Commonsense Reasoning in and over Natural Language," Proc. 8th Int'l Conf. Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information & Engineering Systems (KES 2004), LNAI 3215, Springer, 2004, pp. 293–306.
28. H. Liu and P. Singh, "ConceptNet: A Practical Commonsense Reasoning Toolkit," BT Technology J., vol. 22, no. 4, 2004, pp. 211–226.
29. C. Havasi et al., "Digital Intuition: Applying Common Sense Using Di-mensionality Reduction," IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 24, no. 4, 2011, pp. 24–35.
30. H. Poon et al., "Machine Reading at the University of Washington," Proc. Workshop on Formalisms and Methodology for Learning by Reading (FAM-LbR) at NAACL 2010, Assoc. for Computational Linguistics (ACL), 2010, pp. 87–95.
44 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool