This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
Self-Driving Cars and the Urban Challenge
March/April 2008 (vol. 23 no. 2)
pp. 66-68
Chris Urmson, Carnegie Mellon University
William "Red" Whittaker, Carnegie Mellon University
This article provides a brief overview of the benefits of autonomous vehicles and Boss, the autonomous vehicle that won the 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge. Autonomous vehicles will improve traffic safety, increase fuel efficiency, and help reconnect the elderly and disabled to our society. Autonomous-vehicle research has been active for the last 20 years, with the recent Urban Challenge building tremendously on past successes. Boss uses onboard sensing and a priori maps of the road environment to navigate safely and effectively. While the Urban Challenge was successful, there is much work to do as this technology becomes increasingly commercialized.

1. Traffic Safety Fact Sheet, US Nat'l Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2005.
2. Final Economic Assessment, Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards for MY 2005–2007 Light Trucks, Section V, US Nat'l Highway Traffic Safety Administration, May 2003.
3. M. Bertozzi et al., "Vision-Based Intelligent Vehicles: State of the Art and Perspectives," J. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, vol. 32, no. 1, 2000, pp. 1–16.
4. C. Pradalier et al., "The CyCab: A Car-Like Robot Navigating Autonomously and Safely among Pedestrians," Robotics and Autonomous Systems, vol. 50, no. 1, 2005, pp. 51–68.
5. S. Thrun et al., "Stanley, the Robot That Won the DARPAGrand Challenge," J. Field Robotics, vol. 23, no. 9, 2006, pp. 661–692.
6. C. Urmson et al., "A Robust Approach to High-Speed Navigation for Unrehearsed Desert Terrain," J. Field Robotics, vol. 23, no. 8, 2006, pp. 467–508.
7. California Driver Handbook 2008, Calif. Dept. of Motor Vehicles, 2008, www.dmv.ca.gov/pubsdl600.pdf.
8. Urban Challenge Rules, DARPA, 2007, www.darpa.mil/grandchallenge/docsUrban_Challenge_Rules_102707.pdf .
9. C. Urmson et al., "Autonomous Driving in Urban Environments: Boss and the Urban Challenge," submitted to J. Field Robotics, 2008.

Index Terms:
autonomous vehicles, Urban Challenge, robotics
Citation:
Chris Urmson, William "Red" Whittaker, "Self-Driving Cars and the Urban Challenge," IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 66-68, March-April 2008, doi:10.1109/MIS.2008.34
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.