This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
Bringing Robustness and Power Efficiency to Autonomous Energy-Harvesting Microsystems
September/October 2011 (vol. 28 no. 5)
pp. 84-94
Jean-Frédéric Christmann, CEA-LETI, MINATEC
Edith Beigne, CEA-LETI, MINATEC
Cyril Condemine, CEA-LETI, MINATEC
Pascal Vivet, CEA-LETI, MINATEC
Jérôme Willemin, CEA-LETI, MINATEC
Nicolas Leblond, Tiempo SAS
Christian Piguet, Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology

Editors' note:

Asynchronous circuits are well-suited to ultra-low-power design. This article presents a microsystem that is powered only by energy extracted from the environment to implement an autonomous sensing application. Key to this application is the use of asynchronous logic, which not only provides greater energy efficiency due to its event-driven nature but, more importantly, allows graceful adaptation to highly variable power availability.

—Montek Singh (UNC Chapel Hill) and Luciano Lavagno (Politecnico di Torino)

1. Y.H. Chee et al., "PicoCube: A 1cm3 Sensor Node Powered by Harvested Energy," Proc. ACM/IEEE 45th Design Automation Conf. (DAC 08), IEEE Press, 2008, pp. 114-119.
2. J. Penders et al., "Human++: From Technology to Emerging Health Monitoring Concepts," Proc. 5th Int'l Summer School and Symp. Medical Devices and Biosensors (ISSS-MDBS 08), IEEE Press, 2008, pp. 94-98.
3. C. Williams et al., "Development of an Electromagnetic Micro-Generator," IEE Proc. Circuits, Devices & Systems, vol. 148, no. 6, 2001, pp. 337-342.
4. V. Leonov et al., "Thermoelectric Converters of Human Warmth for Self-Powered Wireless Sensor Nodes," IEEE Sensors J., vol. 7, no. 5, 2007, pp. 650-657.
5. A.J. Martin, "Programming in VLSI: From Communicating Processes to Delay-Insensitive Circuits," Developments in Concurrency and Communication, C.A.R. Hoare ed.: Addison-Wesley, 1990, pp. 1-64.
6. J.F., Randall and J. Jacot, "Is AM1.5 Applicable in Practice? Modelling Eight Photovoltaic Materials with Respect to Light Intensity and Two Spectra," Renewable Energy, vol. 28, no. 12, 2003, pp. 1851-1864.
7. A. Abrial et al., "A New Contactless Smart Card IC Using an On-chip Antenna and an Asynchronous Microcontroller," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 36, no. 7, 2001, pp. 1101-1107.
8. J.F. Christmann et al., "An Innovative and Efficient Energy Harvesting Platform Architecture for Autonomous Microsystems," Proc. 8th IEEE Int'l NEWCAS Conf., IEEE Press, 2010, pp. 173-176.
9. J.F. Christmann et al., "Bringing Robustness and Power Efficiency to Autonomous Energy Harvesting Microsystems," Proc. IEEE Int'l Symp. Asynchronous Circuits and Systems (Async 10), IEEE Press, pp. 62-71.
1. Y.H. Chee et al., "PicoCube: A 1cm3 Sensor Node Powered by Harvested Energy," Proc. ACM/IEEE 45th Design Automation Conf. (DAC 08), IEEE Press, 2008, pp. 114-119.
2. E. Torres et al., "SiP Integration of Intelligent, Adaptive, Self-Sustaining Power Management Solutions for Portable Applications," Proc. IEEE Int'l Symp. Circuits and Systems (ISCAS 06), IEEE Press, 2006, pp. 5311-5314.
3. J. Kessels and P. Marston, "Designing Asynchronous Standby Circuits for a Low-Power Pager," Proc. IEEE, vol. 87, no. 2, 1999, pp. 257-267.
4. A. Abrial et al., "A New Contactless Smart Card IC Using an On-chip Antenna and an Asynchronous Microcontroller," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 36, no. 7, 2001, pp. 1101-1107.
5. F. Akopyan, R. Manohar, and A.B. Apsel, "A Level-Crossing Flash Asynchronous Analog-to-Digital Converter," Proc. 12th IEEE Int'l Symp. Asynchronous Circuits and Systems (Async 06), IEEE Press, 2006, pp. 11-22.

Index Terms:
design and test, energy harvesting, microsystem, power management, asynchronous controller
Citation:
Jean-Frédéric Christmann, Edith Beigne, Cyril Condemine, Pascal Vivet, Jérôme Willemin, Nicolas Leblond, Christian Piguet, "Bringing Robustness and Power Efficiency to Autonomous Energy-Harvesting Microsystems," IEEE Design & Test of Computers, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 84-94, Sept.-Oct. 2011, doi:10.1109/MDT.2011.101
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.