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High-Performance MCM Routing
October/December 1993 (vol. 10 no. 4)
pp. 27-37

The authors describe the multilayer MCM (multichip module) routing problem, and propose an approach for routing high-performance MCMs with the objective of minimizing interconnect delays and crosstalk. They first introduce an approach for rapidly estimating the time-domain response of lossy transmission line trees, and propose a realistic second-order delay model for MCM interconnects. The delay model is used to guide a performance-driven global routing algorithm. Given the 2-D global paths, the next stage is layer assignment. An effective algorithm for constrained layer assignment is developed. Based on the best-known maxcut approximation algorithm (which performs well in practice), a maximal k-color ordering is formulated for minimizing both interlayer and intralayer crosstalk as well as crossings in 3-D MCM substrates. The authors also propose a strategy that exhibits a good tradeoff between circuit performance and design cost, instead of concentrating exclusively on a single objective such as area minimization.

Jun-Dong Cho, Majid Sarrafzadeh, Mysore Sriram, Sung-Mo Kang, "High-Performance MCM Routing," IEEE Design & Test of Computers, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 27-37, Oct.-Dec. 1993, doi:10.1109/54.245961
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