• VOSs. Commercial ships carry equipment for different research efforts, so they could also carry a mobile Internet node unit.
• Exploration and exploitation platforms. In some oceanic areas, the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons takes place on platforms installed offshore. These platforms can also host communications infrastructure.
• Sensor buoys already carry communications equipment, and they can be equipped with additional hardware to take part in our proposed network. Buoys can be drifting (for example, for observation of the oceanic drift) or stationary.
• Coastline support stations. On islands or at exposed spots on a coastline, fixed nodes can serve as part of the node network. Additionally, future offshore wind energy or wave energy farms could provide a relay point. Such farms usually have a (low bandwidth) Internet connection for maintenance purposes.