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Improving NASA's Multiscale Modeling Framework for Tropical Cyclone Climate Study
Sept.-Oct. 2013 (vol. 15 no. 5)
pp. 56-67
Bo-Wen Shen, University of Maryland, College Park, and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Bron Nelson, NASA Ames Research Center
Samson Cheung, NASA Ames Research Center
Wei-Kuo Tao, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
One of the current challenges in tropical cyclone (TC) research is how to improve our understanding of TC interannual variability and the impact of climate change on TCs. Recent advances in global modeling, visualization, and supercomputing technologies at NASA show potential for such studies. In this article, the authors discuss recent scalability improvement to the multiscale modeling framework (MMF) that makes it feasible to perform long-term TC-resolving simulations. The MMF consists of the finite-volume general circulation model (fvGCM), supplemented by a copy of the Goddard cumulus ensemble model (GCE) at each of the fvGCM grid points, giving 13,104 GCE copies. The original fvGCM implementation has a 1D data decomposition; the revised MMF implementation retains the 1D decomposition for most of the code, but uses a 2D decomposition for the massive copies of GCEs. Because the vast majority of computation time in the MMF is spent computing the GCEs, this approach can achieve excellent speedup without incurring the cost of modifying the entire code. Intelligent process mapping allows differing numbers of processes to be assigned to each domain for load balancing. The revised parallel implementation shows highly promising scalability, obtaining a nearly 80-fold speedup by increasing the number of cores from 30 to 3,335.
Index Terms:
Atmospheric modeling,Clouds,Computational modeling,NASA,Meteorology,Hurricanes,Tropical cyclones,NASA,scientific computing,distributed programming,hurricane modeling,climate modeling,software,software engineering
Citation:
Bo-Wen Shen, Bron Nelson, Samson Cheung, Wei-Kuo Tao, "Improving NASA's Multiscale Modeling Framework for Tropical Cyclone Climate Study," Computing in Science and Engineering, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 56-67, Sept.-Oct. 2013, doi:10.1109/MCSE.2012.90
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