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Simulating Future Changes in Arctic and Subarctic Vegetation
July/August 2007 (vol. 9 no. 4)
pp. 12-23
Howard E. Epstein, University of Virginia
Jed O. Kaplan, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow, and Landscape Research
Heike Lischke, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow, and Landscape Research
Qin Yu, University of Virginia
The Arctic is a sensitive system undergoing dramatic changes related to recent warming trends. Vegetation dynamics—increases in the quantity of green vegetation and a northward migration of trees into the arctic tundra—are a component of this change. Although field studies over long time periods can be logistically problematic, simulation modeling provides a means for projecting changes in arctic and subarctic vegetation caused by environmental variations.
Index Terms:
Arctic, biogeography, boreal forest, climate change, forest migration, shrub encroachment, subarctic, tundra, vegetation dynamics models
Citation:
Howard E. Epstein, Jed O. Kaplan, Heike Lischke, Qin Yu, "Simulating Future Changes in Arctic and Subarctic Vegetation," Computing in Science and Engineering, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 12-23, July-Aug. 2007, doi:10.1109/MCSE.2007.84
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