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Issue No.07 - July (2012 vol.45)
pp: 64-72
Daniel E. O'Leary , University of Southern California
The successful fight to stop the Protect IP Act highlights the increasingly important role of computer-based political action, especially the use of social media, in the policymaking process.
PIPA, SOPA, Twitter, Facebook, computer-based political action, social media
Daniel E. O'Leary, "Computer-Based Political Action: The Battle and Internet Blackout over PIPA", Computer, vol.45, no. 7, pp. 64-72, July 2012, doi:10.1109/MC.2012.186
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2. J. Magder, “SOPA and PIPA Laws Would Affect Canadians If Passed,” Montreal Gazette,18 Jan. 2012.
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4. T. Timm, “The Stop Online Piracy Act: A Blacklist by Any Other Name is Still a Blacklist,”7 Nov. 2011, Electronic Frontier Foundation; .
5. Letter to the members of the US Senate, 25 May 2011; m/1110525_MultiIndustry_S968_PROTECTIPAct_Senate.pdf .
6. S. Crocker at al., “Security and Other Technical Concerns Raised by the DNS Filtering Requirements in the PROTECT IP Bill,” white paper, May 2011; www.shinkuro.comPROTECT%20IP%20Technical%20Whitepaper%20Final.pdf .
7. “Wyden Places Hold on Protect IP Act,” press release, 26 May 2011; wyden-places-hold-on-protect-ip-act.
8. “Internet Piracy and How to Stop It,” The New York Times,8 June 2011.
9. “Policing the Internet,” Los Angeles Times,7 June 2011.
10. “Letter from MPAA and Others to the Senate on the Protect IP Act,”20 Sept. 2011, Public Knowledge; www.publicknowledge.orgletter-mpaa-and-others-senate-protect-ip-act .
11. Letter to the members of the US Congress, 22 Sept. 2011; files/pressreleasesletter-359.pdf.
12. S. Crocker et al., “Internet Engineers Letter Urging Amendment of the Protect IP Act,”12 Oct. 2011; Internet%20Engineers%27%20Letter%20Urging%20Amendment%20of%20the%20PROTECT-IP%20Act.pdf .
13. “Joint Statement from AFM, AFTRA, DGA, IATSE, IBT and SAG Regarding Stop Online Piracy Act (HR 3261),”26 Oct. 2011; .
14. Letter to P. Leahy, C. Grassley, L. Smith, and J. Conyers Jr.,15 Nov. 2011; .
15. P. Higgins and P. Eckersley, “An Open Letter from Internet Engineers to the U.S. Congress,”15 Dec. 2011, Electronic Frontier Foundation; .
16. M. Masnick, “GoDaddy Says It Doesn't Support PIPA Either, as Domains Keep Transferring Away,” Techdirt,27 Dec. 2011; godaddy-says-it-doesnt-support-pipa-either-as-domains-keep-transferring-away.shtml .
17. “Comment of Senator Patrick Leahy on Internet Service Providers and the PROTECT IP Act,” press release, 12 Jan. 2012; release?id=721ddff6-3399-4d56-a966-bca3f848759b .
18. D. Kravets, “Rep. Smith Waters Down SOPA, DNS Redirects Out,” Wired,13 Jan. 2012; .
19. D. Shaw, “Six GOP Co-sponsors of PIPA Ask Reid to Cancel Vote,” OpenCongress,13 Jan. 2012, .
20. V. Espinel, A. Chopra, and H. Schmidt, “Combating Online Piracy while Protecting an Open and Innovative Internet,” blog; responsecombating-online-piracy-while-protecting-open-and-innovative-internet .
21. T. Timm, “How PIPA and SOPA Violate White House Principles Supporting Free Speech and Innovation,”16 Jan. 2012, Electronic Frontier Foundation; .
22. R.B. Josten letter to the members of the US Senate, 18 Jan. 2012, US Chamber of Commerce; files120118_kv_s_968_protectipactof2011_senate_doc_2.pdf .
23. A.B. Block, “Hollywood Guilds Release Statement of Support for SOPA on Day of 'Blackout' Protests,” The Hollywood Reporter,18 Jan. 2012; .
24. J. Wortham, “Public Outcry over Antipiracy Bills Began as Grass-roots Grumbling,” The New York Times,19 Jan. 2012.
25. C. Ngak, “SOPA and PIPA Internet Blackout Aftermath, Staggering Numbers,” CBS News,19 Jan. 2012; sopa-and-pipa-internet-blackout-aftermath-staggering-numbers .
26. C. Franzen, “New York Tech Meetup's SOP/PIPA Protest Fails to Sway Senators,” Talking Points Memo,18 Jan. 2012; 01ny-tech-meetups-emergency-sopapipa-protest-fails-to-sway-senators.php .
27. S. Lohr, “Library of Congress Will Save Tweets,” The New York Times,14 Apr. 2010.
28. Twitterideas, blog; .
29. J. Bollen and H. Mao, “Twitter Mood as a Stock Market Predictor,” Computer, Oct. 2011, pp. 91-94.
30. D.E. O'Leary, “Blog Mining: Review and Extensions—'From Each According to His Opinion,'” Decision Support Systems, vol. 51, no. 4, 2011, pp. 821-830.
31. D.E. O'Leary, “Using Digital Media to Monitor and Forecast a Firm's Public Image,” Advances in Business and Management Forecasting, vol. 7, K.D. Lawrence, and R.K. Klimberg eds., 2010, Emerald Group Publishing, pp. 211-223.
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