This Article 
 Bibliographic References 
 Add to: 
Sonesh Surana, University of California, Berkeley
Rabin Patra, University of California, Berkeley
Sergiu Nedevschi, University of California, Berkeley
Eric Brewer, Intel Research Berkeley
A novel ICT project in rural India uses long-distance Wi-Fi networking to enable high-quality videoconferencing between eye hospitals and remote village clinics. The project highlights the importance of sustainability as a first-class goal for systems research.

1. E. Brewer et al., "The Case for Technology in Developing Regions," Computer, June 2005, pp. 25–38.
2. Interview with Melissa Ho, PhD candidate, UC Berkeley School of Information; melissaho.
3. N. Cohen, "What Works: Grameen Telecom's Village Phones," Digital Dividend study, June 2001, World Resources Institute;
4. Aravind Eye Care System, Annual Activity Report: 2006–07; www.aravind.organnualreport.
5. L. Dadona, R. Dadona, and R.K. John, "Estimation of Blindness in India from 2000 through 2020: Implications for the Blindness Control Policy," National Medical J. India, Nov./Dec. 2001, pp. 327–334.
6. P.K. Nirmalan et al., "Utilisation of Eye Care Services in Rural South India: The Aravind Comprehensive Eye Survey," British J. Ophthalmology, Oct. 2004, pp. 1237–1241.
7. G.V. Murthy et al., "Human Resources and Infrastructure for Eye Care in India: Current Status," National Medical J. India, May/June 2004, pp. 128–134.
8. A.E. Fletcher et al., "Low Uptake of Eye Services in Rural India: A Challenge for Programs of Blindness Prevention," Archives of Ophthalmology, Oct. 1999, pp. 1393–1399.
9. A. Balaji, T.A. Gonsalves, and R. Kumar, "The corDECT Wireless Local Loop," Proc. 1999 IEEE Int'l Conf. Personal Wireless Communication (PWC 99), IEEE Press, 1999, pp. 359–363.
10. K. Gooding, "Poverty and Blindness: A Survey of the Literature," briefing paper, Feb. 2006, Sight Savers Int'l; .
11. R. Patra et al., "WiLDNet: Design and Implementation of High-Performance Wi-Fi-Based Long-Distance Networks," Proc. 4th Usenix Symp. Networked Systems Design and Implementation (NSDI 08), Usenix Assoc., 2007, pp. 87–100.
12. A. Sheth et al., "Packet Loss Characterization in Wi-Fi-Based Long-Distance Networks," Proc. 26th IEEE Int'l Conf. Computer Communications (Infocom 07), IEEE Press, 2007, pp. 312–320.
13. S. Surana et al., "Beyond Pilots: Keeping Rural Wireless Networks Alive," Proc. 5th Usenix Symp. Networked Systems Design and Implementation (NSDI 08), Usenix Assoc., 2008, pp. 119–132.
14. P. Audient and F. Verneyre, Electricity in India: Providing Power for the Millions, Int'l Energy Agency, 2002.
15. M. Gregory, "India Struggles with Power Theft," BBC News,15 Mar. 2006; .

Index Terms:
information and communication technologies, technology for development
Sonesh Surana, Rabin Patra, Sergiu Nedevschi, Eric Brewer, "Deploying a Rural Wireless Telemedicine System: Experiences in Sustainability," Computer, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 48-56, June 2008, doi:10.1109/MC.2008.184
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.