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June 2008 (vol. 41 no. 6)
pp. 42-46
Gary Marsden, University of Cape Town
Pragmatic design requires no radical alterations to the existing digital ecology and has successfully provided many viable solutions. Given the skills limitations within the developing world, however, developers also need a new design focus that views the user as designer.

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2. Mobile Imaging Reports, "Will Camera-Phones Replace Digital Cameras?", 2005.
3. M. Jones and G. Marsden, Mobile Interaction Design, Wiley and Sons, 2005.
4. F. Etta and S. Parvyn-Wamahiu, eds., "Information and Communication Technologies for Development in Africa: Volume 2," International Development Research Centre (IDRC), 2003.
5. D. Patel et al., "Improving Photo Searching Interfaces for Small-Screen Mobile Computers," Proc. Mobile HCI 2006, ACM Press, 2006, pp. 149–156.
6. L. Ah-Kun and G. Marsden, "Co-Present Photo Sharing on Mobile Devices," Proc. Mobile HCI 2007, ACM Press, 2007, pp. 73–80.
7. M. Jones, G. Marsden, and D. Gruijters, "Using Mobile Phones &PDAs in Ad-Hoc Audience Response Systems," Audience Response Systems, Chapter 24, Idea Group Publishing, 2005.

Index Terms:
pragmatic design, image-sharing software, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, Moore's law, empowered design, software development
Citation:
Gary Marsden, "Toward Empowered Design," Computer, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 42-46, June 2008, doi:10.1109/MC.2008.207
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