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Richard Heeks, University of Manchester, UK
Use of information and communication technologies for international development is moving to its next phase. This will require new technologies, new approaches to innovation, new intellectual integration, and, above all, a new view of the world's poor.

1. International Telecommunication Union, "Measuring Village ICT in Sub-Saharan Africa"; www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/statistics/material Africa_Village_ICT_2007.pdf.
2. B. Thomas, "What the World's Poor Watch on TV," Prospect, vol. 82, 2003, pp. 30–33.
3. C. Kenny, Overselling the Web?, Lynne Reiner, 2006.
4. UNDP, Human Development Report 2007/2008, United Nations Development Program, 2007.
5. R. Heeks, "Information Systems and Developing Countries: Failure, Success and Local Improvisations," The Information Society, vol. 18, no. 2, 2002, pp. 101–112.
6. W. Orlikowski and S. Iacono, "Desperately Seeking the 'IT' in IT Research: A Call for Theorizing the IT Artifact," Information Systems Research, vol. 10, no. 2, 2001, pp. 121–134.
7. M. Leach and I. Scoones, The Slow Race: Making Technology Work for the Poor, Demos, 2006.
8. R. Heeks, Implementing and Managing eGovernment, Sage, 2006.

Index Terms:
ICT4D 2.0, ICT4D 1.0, computers and society, international development
Citation:
Richard Heeks, "ICT4D 2.0: The Next Phase of Applying ICT for International Development," Computer, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 26-33, June 2008, doi:10.1109/MC.2008.192
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