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Issue No.12 - December (2007 vol.40)
pp: 39-48
Mehul A. Shah , Hewlett-Packard Laboratories
Suzanne Rivoire , Stanford University
Christos Kozyrakis , Stanford University
Justin Meza , University of California, Los Angeles
ABSTRACT
Power consumption and energy efficiency are important factors in the initial design and day-to-day management of computer systems. Researchers and system designers need benchmarks that characterize energy efficiency to evaluate systems and identify promising new technologies. To predict the effects of new designs and configurations, they also need accurate methods of modeling power consumption.
INDEX TERMS
green computing, energy-efficiency optimizations, JouleSort benchmark, power models
CITATION
Mehul A. Shah, Suzanne Rivoire, Christos Kozyrakis, Justin Meza, "Models and Metrics to Enable Energy-Efficiency Optimizations", Computer, vol.40, no. 12, pp. 39-48, December 2007, doi:10.1109/MC.2007.436
REFERENCES
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2. S. Rivoire et al., "JouleSort: A Balanced Energy-Efficiency Benchmark," Proc. SIGMOD Conf., ACM Press, 2007, pp. 365–376.
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5. Sun Microsystems, "SWaP (Space, Watts, and Performance) Metric"; www.sun.com/servers/coolthreadsswap.
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8. C.D. Patel, "A Vision of Energy-Aware Computing from Chips to Data Centers," Proc. ISMME, Japan Soc. Mechanical Engineers, 2003, pp. 141–150.
9. The Green Grid, "Green Grid Metrics: Describing Datacenter Power Efficiency," 2007; www.thegreengrid.org/gg_contentGreen_Grid_Metrics_WP.pdf .
10. N.K. Govindaraju et al., "GPUTeraSort: High Performance Graphics Coprocessor Sorting for Large Database Management," Proc. SIGMOD Conf., ACM Press, 2006, pp. 325–336.
11. R. Mayo and P. Ranganathan, "Energy Consumption in Mobile Devices: Why Future Systems Need Requirements-Aware Energy Scale-Down," Special Issue on Power Management, LNCS, Springer, 2003, pp. 26–40.
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