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Issue No.12 - December (2006 vol.39)
pp: 124
Published by the IEEE Computer Society




    Quantum Computing Devices: Principles, Designs, and Analysis, Goong Chen, David A. Church, Berthold-Georg, Englert Carsten, Henkel Bernd, Rohwedder Marlan, O. Scully, and M. Suhail Zubairy. This book covers essential components in the design of a real quantum computer. It explores contemporary aspects of quantum computation, particularly focusing on the role of quantum electronic devices as quantum gates.

    Largely self-contained and written in a tutorial style, the book presents the analysis, design, and modeling of the major types of quantum computing devices: ion traps, cavity quantum electrodynamics, linear optics, quantum dots, nuclear magnetic resonance, superconducting quantum interference devices, and neutral atom traps. It begins by explaining the fundamentals and algorithms of quantum computing, followed by the operations and formalisms of quantum systems. For each electronic device, the subsequent chapters explore physical properties, the setup of qubits, control actions that produce the quantum gates that are universal for quantum computing, relevant measurements, and decoherence properties of the systems.

    CRC Press; www.crcpress.com; 1-58488-681-1; 542 pp.

    Design for Trustworthy Software: Tools, Techniques, and Methodology of Developing Robust Software, Bijay K. Jayaswal and Peter C. Patton. This book presents an integrated technology that addresses software quality issues upstream to prevent bugs in implementation, rather than finding and eliminating them during and after it. The authors describe the principles behind the technology as well as their applications to actual software design problems, then show readers how to plan, build, maintain, and improve their trustworthy software development system.

    Prentice Hall PTR; www.phptr.com; 0-13-187250-8; 840 pp.

    Grid Technologies: Emerging from Distributed Architectures to Virtual Organizations, M.P. Bekakos and G.A. Gravvanis, eds. Current grid-enabling technologies consist of stand-alone architectures. A typical architecture provides middleware access to various services at different hierarchical levels. Computational grids enable the sharing, selection, and aggregation of a wide variety of geographically distributed computation resources and present them as a single, unified resource for solving large-scale computations and data-intensive computing applications.

    Grid computing is a newly emerging research area, which aims to promote the development and advancement of technologies that provide seamless and scalable access to wide-area distributed resources. Working experts describe their implementation research, including results divided into two parts of self-standing chapters, each part surveying several subjects of interest in the areas of Web services, middleware, and distributed and grid computing methodologies.

    The book and accompanying research material aim to meet the needs of graduate and postgraduate students and researchers working in Grid technologies.

    WIT Press; www.witpress.com; 1-84564-055-1; 512 pp.

    Mobile Communication and Society: A Global Perspective, Manuel Castells, Mireia Fernandez-Ardevol, Jack Linchuan Qiu, and Araba Sey. Wireless networks are the fastest growing communications technology in history. This book looks at how the possibility of multimodal communication from anywhere to anywhere at any time affects everyday life at home, work, and school and raises broader concerns about politics and both global and local culture.

    Drawing on data gathered from around the world, the authors explore who has access to wireless technology, and why, and analyze the patterns of social differentiation seen in unequal access. They explore the social effects of wireless communication—what it means for family life, for example, when everyone is constantly in touch, or for the idea of an office when workers can work anywhere.

    The authors consider the rise of a mobile youth culture based on peer-to-peer networks, with its own language of texting and its own values. They examine the phenomenon of flash mobs and the possible political implications. They also look at the relationship between communication and development and the possibility that developing countries could leapfrog directly to wireless and satellite technology.

    MIT Press; mitpress.mit.edu; 0-262-03355-0; 392 pp.

    Knowledge Structures for Communications in Human-Computer Systems: General Automata-Based, Eldo C. Koenig. This resource presents knowledge structures for communication in human-computer systems based on general automata. The resulting HCS model provides knowledge representations for software engineering.

    Of the many features required for a method to achieve the desired communication in HCS, this book examines six at great length—extracting and storing the knowledge of sentences; knowledge association; deductive processes; inferences; feedback; and sequencing of knowledge—along with illustrations for achieving them using the General Automata method. After presenting the analysis for each feature, the book includes practical applications that illustrate the results.

    Wiley-Interscience; www.wiley.com; 0-471-99813-3; 281 pp.

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