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Robonaut: The 'Short List' of Technology Hurdles
January 2005 (vol. 38 no. 1)
pp. 28-37
Fredrik Rehnmark, Lockheed Martin Space Operations
William Bluethmann, NASA Johnson Space Center
Joshua Mehling, NASA Johnson Space Center
Robert O. Ambrose, NASA Johnson Space Center
Myron Diftler, NASA Johnson Space Center
Mars Chu, Metrica Inc.
Ryan Necessary, GB Tech
The International Space Station highlights NASA's reliance on extravehicular activity spacewalksto configure external equipment, connect services, and perform maintenance. Conventional EVA operations are planned for two astronauts working an eight hour day.

The recent emergence of highly dexterous space robots could help conserve EVA hours by relieving humans of many routine inspection and maintenance chores and assisting them in more complex tasks. As astronaut surrogates, the robots could take risks unacceptable to humans, respond more quickly to EVAemergencies, and work around the clock on renewable power. NASA plans to someday deploy EVA teams that combine the information-gathering and problem-solving skills of human astronauts with the survivability and physical capabilities of diverse robot archetypes.

Index Terms:
robotics, space environmental modeling, anthropomorphic robots, NASA Robonaut project
Citation:
Fredrik Rehnmark, William Bluethmann, Joshua Mehling, Robert O. Ambrose, Myron Diftler, Mars Chu, Ryan Necessary, "Robonaut: The 'Short List' of Technology Hurdles," Computer, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 28-37, Jan. 2005, doi:10.1109/MC.2005.32
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